Titus 2

Titus 2 (KJV)

2 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine: 2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

Titus 2:1-2 Paul urges Titus to speak sound doctrine to them. Specifically to the aged men that they make changes to their lifestyle and personality.

3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; 4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, 5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Titus 2:3-5 Paul addresses the aged women also to practice good behavior, to change their lifestyle, and that they should teach the younger women how to live properly. Is this a common practice at your church?

6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

Titus 2:6 Paul summarizes his admonition to the young men by requesting that they do the same as both the aged men and aged women as it applies to the young men.

7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity, 8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

Titus 2:7-8 If Titus is to exhort others, he himself needs to have high standards. In this way, no person will have something bad to say about him. According to the other Scriptures concerning Titus, I would expect that these recommendations won’t be hard from him.

SERVANTS

9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again; 10 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Titus 2:9-10 Paul tells Titus to also exhort servants so that they will be good examples as well.

MOTIVATION

11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, 12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; 13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; 14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Titus 2:11-14 Paul here summarizes everything he has said and reiterates it because we are a saved people. Saved people have a changed lifestyle for the better. We also look for the Second coming of Christ who has redeemed us. Compare this table which compares a few of the groups that Paul listed.

Aged MenAged WomenYoung WomenMessianic Believers
SoberHoliness BehaviorSoberDeny Ungodliness and Worldly Lusts
GraveNot False AccuserLove Your HusbandLive Soberly
TemperateNot Given to Much WineLove Your ChildrenLive Righteously
Sound in FaithTeacher of Good ThingsBe DiscreetLive Godly
Sound in CharityBe ChasteZealous of Good Works
Sound in PatienceBe a Keeper at Home
Be Good
Obedient to Your Husband

15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

Titus 2:15 Paul tells Titus that these are the commendable things he is to speak, exhort, and rebuke with authority and to not let any man despise him because of it. This is great advice since when a person does do this, they are susceptible to ridicule and judgment.

Strong’s # and TransliterationStrong’s DefinitionUse of this word in TItus
Strong's G1401 – doulos
(2 times)
I. a slave, bondman, man of servile condition
A. a slave
B. metaph., one who gives himself up to another's will those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men
C. devoted to another to the disregard of one's own interests
II. a servant, attendant
Titus 1:1 Paul a servant of God
Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient
Strong's G2316 – theos
(12 times)
I. a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities
II. the Godhead, trinity
A. God the Father, the first person in the trinity
B. Christ, the second person of the trinity
C. Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity
III. spoken of the only and true God
. refers to the things of God
A. his counsels, interests, things due to him
IV. whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resemble him in any way
. God's representative or viceregent
i. of magistrates and judges
Titus 1:1 servant of God…faith of God’s elect
Titus 1:2 which God that cannot lie
Titus 1:3 commandment of God
Titus 1:4 from God the Father
Titus 1:7 the steward of God
Titus 1:16 profess that they know God
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:10 the doctrine of God
Titus 2:11 grace of God
Titus 2:13 glorious appearing of the great God
Titus 3:4 love of God
Titus 3:8 believed in God
Strong's G2424 – Iēsous
(4 times)
I. Jesus = "Jehovah is salvation"
A. Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour of mankind, God incarnate
B. Jesus Barabbas was the captive robber whom the Jews begged Pilate to release instead of Christ
C. Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses' successor (Ac. 7:45, Heb. 4:8)
D. Jesus, son of Eliezer, one of the ancestors of Christ (Lu. 3:29)
E. Jesus, surnamed Justus, a Jewish Christian, an associate with Paul in the preaching of the gospel (Col. 4:11)
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G5547 – Christos
(4 times)
I. Christ = "anointed"
A. Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God
B. anointed
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 through Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G4102 – pistis
(6 times)
A. relating to God
i. the conviction that God exists and is the creator and ruler of all things, the provider and bestower of eternal salvation through Christ
B. relating to Christ
. a strong and welcome conviction or belief that Jesus is the Messiah, through whom we obtain eternal salvation in the kingdom of God
C. the religious beliefs of Christians
D. belief with the predominate idea of trust (or confidence) whether in God or in Christ, springing from faith in the same
II. fidelity, faithfulness
. the character of one who can be relied on
Titus 1:13 sound in the faith
Titus 2:2 sound in faith
Titus 2:10 showing all good fidelity
Titus 3:15 love us in the faith
Strong's G1680 – elpis
(3 times)
I. expectation of evil, fear
II. expectation of good, hope
A. in the Christian sense
i. joyful and confident expectation of eternal salvation
III. on hope, in hope, having hope
. the author of hope, or he who is its foundation
A. the thing hoped for
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life
Titus 2:13 that blessed hope
Titus 3:7 according to the hope of eternal life
Strong's G3056 – logos
(5 times)
I. of speech
A. a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea
B. what someone has said
i. a word
ii. the sayings of God
iii. decree, mandate or order
iv. of the moral precepts given by God
v. Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets
vi. what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim
C. discourse
. the act of speaking, speech
i. the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking
ii. a kind or style of speaking
iii. a continuous speaking discourse - instruction
D. doctrine, teaching
E. anything reported in speech; a narration, narrative
F. matter under discussion, thing spoken of, affair, a matter in dispute, case, suit at law
G. the thing spoken of or talked about; event, deed
II. its use as respect to the MIND alone
. reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating
A. account, i.e. regard, consideration
B. account, i.e. reckoning, score
C. account, i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment
D. relation, i.e. with whom as judge we stand in relation
. reason would
E. reason, cause, ground
III. In John, denotes the essential Word of God, Jesus Christ, the personal wisdom and power in union with God, his minister in creation and government of the universe, the cause of all the world's life both physical and ethical, which for the procurement of man's salvation put on human nature in the person of Jesus the Messiah, the second person in the Godhead, and shone forth conspicuously from His words and deeds.
Titus 1:3 manifested his word through preaching
Titus 1:9 the faithful word
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:8 Sound speech
Titus 3:8 a faithful saying
Strong's G2003 - epitagē
(2 times)
I. an injunction, mandate, commandTitus 1:3 the commandment of God
Titus 2:15 rebuke with all authority
Strong's G4990 - sōtēr
(6 times)
saviour, deliverer, preserverTitus 1:3 our Saviour
Titus 1:4 our Saviour
Titus 2:10 our Saviour in all things
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:4 our Saviour
Titus 3:6 our Saviour
Strong's G5485 - charis
(4 times)
I. grace
A. that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
II. good will, loving-kindness, favour
. of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues
III. what is due to grace
. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace
A. the token or proof of grace, benefit
i. a gift of grace
ii. benefit, bounty
IV. thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 2:11 the grace of God
Titus 3:7 justified by his grace
Titus 3:15 Grace be with you all
Strong's G435 - anēr
(2 times)
I. with reference to sex
A. of a male
B. of a husband
C. of a betrothed or future husband
II. with reference to age, and to distinguish an adult man from a boy
III. any male
IV. used generically of a group of both men and women
Titus 1:6 the husband of one wife
Titus 2:5 obedient to their own husbands
Strong's G4998 - sōphrōn
(3 times)
I. of a sound mind, sane, in one's senses
II. curbing one's desires and impulses, self-controlled, temperate
Titus 1:8 sober
Titus 2:2 temperate
Titus 2:5 To be discreet
Strong's G5198 - hygiainō
(4 times)
I. to be sound, to be well, to be in good health
II. metaph.
A. of Christians whose opinions are free from any mixture of error
B. of one who keeps the graces and is strong
Titus 1:9 by sound doctrine
Titus 1:13 sound in the faith
Titus 2:1 which become sound doctrine
Titus 2:2 sound in the faith
Strong's G1319 - didaskalia
(4 times)
I. teaching, instruction
II. teaching
A. that which is taught, doctrine
B. teachings, precepts
Titus 1:9 by sound doctrine
Titus 2:1 become sound doctrine
Titus 2:7 in doctrine shewing uncorruptness
Titus 2:10 adorn the doctrine of God
Strong's G3870 - parakaleō
(3 times)
I. to call to one's side, call for, summon
II. to address, speak to, (call to, call upon), which may be done in the way of exhortation, entreaty, comfort, instruction, etc.
A. to admonish, exhort
B. to beg, entreat, beseech
i. to strive to appease by entreaty
C. to console, to encourage and strengthen by consolation, to comfort
. to receive consolation, be comforted
D. to encourage, strengthen
E. exhorting and comforting and encouraging
F. to instruct, teach
Titus 1:9 to exhort
Titus 2:6 likewise exhort
Titus 2:15 and exhort
Strong's G1651 - elegchō
(3 times)
I. to convict, refute, confute
A. generally with a suggestion of shame of the person convicted
B. by conviction to bring to the light, to expose
II. to find fault with, correct
. by word
i. to reprehend severely, chide, admonish, reprove
ii. to call to account, show one his fault, demand an explanation
A. by deed
. to chasten, to punish
Titus 1:9 to convince the gainsayers
Titus 1:13 Wherefore rebuke them sharply
Titus 2:15 and rebuke with all authority
Strong's G483 - antilegō
(2 times)
I. to speak against, gainsay, contradict
II. to oppose one's self to one, decline to obey him, declare one's self against him, refuse to have anything to do with him
Titus 1:9 to convince the gainsayers
Titus 2:9 not answering again
Strong's G3956 - pas
(14 times)
I. individually
A. each, every, any, all, the whole, everyone, all things, everything
II. collectively
. some of all types
Titus 1:15 all things are pure
Titus 1:16 unto every good work
Titus 2:7 In all things
Titus 2:9 please them well in all things
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 2:11 hath appeared unto all men
Titus 2:14 redeem us from all iniquity
Titus 2:15 rebuke will all authority
Titus 3:1 to be ready to every good work.
Titus 3:2 shewing all meekness unto all men.
Titus 3:15 All that are with me…Grace be with you all.
Strong's G2041 - ergon
(7 times)
I. business, employment, that which any one is occupied
A. that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking
II. any product whatever, any thing accomplished by hand, art, industry, or mind
III. an act, deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasised in opp. to that which is less than work
Titus 1:16 but in works they deny him…every good work
Titus 2:7 a pattern or good works
Titus 2:14 zealous of good works
Titus 3:1 ready to every good work
Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness
Titus 3:8 be careful to maintain good works
Titus 3:14 to maintain good works
Strong's G720 - arneomai
(2 times)
I. to deny
II. to deny someone
A. to deny one's self
i. to disregard his own interests or to prove false to himself
ii. act entirely unlike himself
III. to deny, abnegate, abjure
IV. not to accept, to reject, to refuse something offered
Titus 1:16 they deny him
Titus 2:12 denying ungodliness
Strong's G18 - agathos
(4 times)
I. of good constitution or nature
II. useful, salutary
III. good, pleasant, agreeable, joyful, happy
IV. excellent, distinguished
V. upright, honourable
Titus 1:16 unto every good work
Titus 2:5 good,
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 3:1 to every good work
Strong's G3501 - neos
(2 times)
I. recently born, young, youthful
II. new
Titus 2:4 the young women
Titus 2:6 young men
Strong's G5293 - hypotassō
(3 times)
I. to arrange under, to subordinate
II. to subject, put in subjection
III. to subject one's self, obey
IV. to submit to one's control
V. to yield to one's admonition or advice
VI. to obey, be subject
Titus 2:5 obedient to their own husbands
Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient
Titus 3:1 to be subject to principalities
Strong's G987 - blasphēmeō
(3 times)
I. to speak reproachfully, rail at, revile, calumniate, blaspheme
II. to be evil spoken of, reviled, railed at
Titus 2:5 the word of God be not blasphemed.
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man
Strong's G2570 - kalos
(5 times)
I. beautiful, handsome, excellent, eminent, choice, surpassing, precious, useful, suitable, commendable, admirable
A. beautiful to look at, shapely, magnificent
B. good, excellent in its nature and characteristics, and therefore well adapted to its ends
i. genuine, approved
ii. precious
iii. joined to names of men designated by their office, competent, able, such as one ought to be
iv. praiseworthy, noble
C. beautiful by reason of purity of heart and life, and hence praiseworthy
. morally good, noble
D. honourable, conferring honour
E. affecting the mind agreeably, comforting and confirming
Titus 2:7 a pattern of good works
Titus 2:14 zealous of good works.
Titus 3:8 be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable
Titus 3:14 learn to maintain good works
Strong's G1731 - endeiknymi
(2 times)
I. to point out
A. to show, demonstrate, prove, whether by arguments or by acts
II. to manifest, display, put forth
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 3:2 shewing all meekness
Strong's G2014 - epiphainō
(2 times)
I. to show to or upon
A. to bring to light
II. to appear, become visible
. of stars
III. to become clearly known, to show one's self
Titus 2:11 hath appeared to all men.
Titus 3:4 our Saviour toward man appeared.
Strong's G1939 - epithymia
(2 times)
I. desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lustTitus 2:12 and worldly lusts
Titus 3:3 serving divers lusts and pleasures
Strong's G5023 - tauta
(2 times)
I. theseTitus 2:15 These things speak
Titus 3:8 These things are good

Challenge Questions:

Where do you fit in Paul’s groups that he listed? Are you following the advice he gives?

What does Paul mean when he says, ‘sound doctrine?’

In the table provided, which characteristic is in all four groups? What else is interesting about this table?

 

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