Titus 1

Titus 1 (KJV)

INTRODUCTION

1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness; 2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; 3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour; 4 To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.

Titus 1:1-4 These four verses are the introduction to the letter. The author is Paul and the audience is Titus. He says that he acknowledges the truth which is after godliness and in eternal life. Why is he making this statement? Paul mentions that the word of God has been manifested to him through preaching. Paul considers Titus to be his own son after the common faith which probably is a reference to Paul being instrumental in Titus believing in Christ.

REASON FOR THE LETTER

5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee: 6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.

Titus 1:4-6 Paul knew Titus beforehand and decided that Titus should stay in Crete to straighten things out and to ordain elders in each of the cities. Crete is a small island with about a dozen large cities. These elders needed to be blameless, not polygamists, and having obedient children.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GOOD AND BAD BISHOPS

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7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre; 8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate; 9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

Titus 1:7-9 These elders were to be the bishops in those cities. Bishops have requirements. There are things they are not supposed to do and things they are supposed to do. One of the main reasons why they are bishops is to be able to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. Please reference the Titus 1 concordance at the end of this study for word definitions.

10 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: 11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre’s sake.

Titus 1:10-11 Paul elaborates on what a gainsayer is and then says that some of the ones of the circumcision, i.e. the Jews, are also gainsayers. Paul is very vehement about having these people stop teaching things they aren’t supposed to be teaching and gaining money from it. Can you think of anyone in our modern time who is like this?

12 One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, the Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.

Titus 1:12 Paul says that one of the natives of Crete who is a prophet even says how bad the Cretians are. This prophet is Epimenides.

13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith; 14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.

Titus 1:13-14 Paul believes what the prophet says about the Cretians. He urges Titus to rebuke the ones of the circumcision(Jews) so that they will be sound in the faith. Apparently, there are some Jewish fables and commandments of men that are turning people from the truth. These issues need to be addressed and dealt with.

15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. 16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

Titus 1:15 Paul says that to the pure all things are pure and to the unpure, nothing is pure. These unpure are not believers who hav their mind and conscience defiled. What’s worse, is that they profess to know God and yet deny God in their works. Even their good works are reprobate. Do you know someone like this?

Strong’s # and TransliterationStrong’s DefinitionUse of this word in TItus
Strong's G1401 – doulos
(2 times)
I. a slave, bondman, man of servile condition
A. a slave
B. metaph., one who gives himself up to another's will those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men
C. devoted to another to the disregard of one's own interests
II. a servant, attendant
Titus 1:1 Paul a servant of God
Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient
Strong's G2316 – theos
(12 times)
I. a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities
II. the Godhead, trinity
A. God the Father, the first person in the trinity
B. Christ, the second person of the trinity
C. Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity
III. spoken of the only and true God
. refers to the things of God
A. his counsels, interests, things due to him
IV. whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resemble him in any way
. God's representative or viceregent
i. of magistrates and judges
Titus 1:1 servant of God…faith of God’s elect
Titus 1:2 which God that cannot lie
Titus 1:3 commandment of God
Titus 1:4 from God the Father
Titus 1:7 the steward of God
Titus 1:16 profess that they know God
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:10 the doctrine of God
Titus 2:11 grace of God
Titus 2:13 glorious appearing of the great God
Titus 3:4 love of God
Titus 3:8 believed in God
Strong's G2424 – Iēsous
(4 times)
I. Jesus = "Jehovah is salvation"
A. Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour of mankind, God incarnate
B. Jesus Barabbas was the captive robber whom the Jews begged Pilate to release instead of Christ
C. Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses' successor (Ac. 7:45, Heb. 4:8)
D. Jesus, son of Eliezer, one of the ancestors of Christ (Lu. 3:29)
E. Jesus, surnamed Justus, a Jewish Christian, an associate with Paul in the preaching of the gospel (Col. 4:11)
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G5547 – Christos
(4 times)
I. Christ = "anointed"
A. Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God
B. anointed
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 through Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G4102 – pistis
(6 times)
I. conviction of the truth of anything, belief; in the NT of a conviction or belief respecting man's relationship to God and divine things, generally with the included idea of trust and holy fervour born of faith and joined with itTitus 1:1 faith of God’s Elect
Titus 1:4 after the common faith
Strong's G225 – alētheia
(2 times)
I. objectively
A. what is true in any matter under consideration
i. truly, in truth, according to truth
ii. of a truth, in reality, in fact, certainly
B. what is true in things appertaining to God and the duties of man, moral and religious truth
. in the greatest latitude
i. the true notions of God which are open to human reason without his supernatural intervention
C. the truth as taught in the Christian religion, respecting God and the execution of his purposes through Christ, and respecting the duties of man, opposing alike to the superstitions of the Gentiles and the inventions of the Jews, and the corrupt opinions and precepts of false teachers even among Christians
II. subjectively
. truth as a personal excellence
. that candour of mind which is free from affection, pretence, simulation, falsehood, deceit
Titus 1:1 acknowledging of the truth
Titus 1:14 that turn from the truth
Strong's G1680 – elpis
(3 times)
I. expectation of evil, fear
II. expectation of good, hope
A. in the Christian sense
i. joyful and confident expectation of eternal salvation
III. on hope, in hope, having hope
. the author of hope, or he who is its foundation
A. the thing hoped for
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life
Titus 2:13 that blessed hope
Titus 3:7 according to the hope of eternal life
Strong's G166 – aiōnios
(3 times)
I. without beginning and end, that which always has been and always will be
II. without beginning
III. without end, never to cease, everlasting
Titus 1:2 hope of eternal life…before the world began
Titus 3:7 hope of eternal life
Strong's G2222 – zōē
(2 times)
I. life
A. the state of one who is possessed of vitality or is animate
B. every living soul
II. life
. of the absolute fulness of life, both essential and ethical, which belongs to God, and through him both to the hypostatic "logos" and to Christ in whom the "logos" put on human nature
A. life real and genuine, a life active and vigorous, devoted to God, blessed, in the portion even in this world of those who put their trust in Christ, but after the resurrection to be consummated by new accessions (among them a more perfect body), and to last for ever.
Titus 1:2 hope of eternal life
Titus 3:7 hope of eternal life
Strong's G3056 – logos
(5 times)
I. of speech
A. a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea
B. what someone has said
i. a word
ii. the sayings of God
iii. decree, mandate or order
iv. of the moral precepts given by God
v. Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets
vi. what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim
C. discourse
. the act of speaking, speech
i. the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking
ii. a kind or style of speaking
iii. a continuous speaking discourse - instruction
D. doctrine, teaching
E. anything reported in speech; a narration, narrative
F. matter under discussion, thing spoken of, affair, a matter in dispute, case, suit at law
G. the thing spoken of or talked about; event, deed
II. its use as respect to the MIND alone
. reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating
A. account, i.e. regard, consideration
B. account, i.e. reckoning, score
C. account, i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment
D. relation, i.e. with whom as judge we stand in relation
. reason would
E. reason, cause, ground
III. In John, denotes the essential Word of God, Jesus Christ, the personal wisdom and power in union with God, his minister in creation and government of the universe, the cause of all the world's life both physical and ethical, which for the procurement of man's salvation put on human nature in the person of Jesus the Messiah, the second person in the Godhead, and shone forth conspicuously from His words and deeds.
Titus 1:3 manifested his word through preaching
Titus 1:9 the faithful word
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:8 Sound speech
Titus 3:8 a faithful saying
Strong's G4100 – pisteuō
(2 times)
I. to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in
A. of the thing believed
i. to credit, have confidence
B. in a moral or religious reference
. used in the NT of the conviction and trust to which a man is impelled by a certain inner and higher prerogative and law of soul
i. to trust in Jesus or God as able to aid either in obtaining or in doing something: saving faith
ii. mere acknowledgment of some fact or event: intellectual faith
II. to entrust a thing to one, i.e. his fidelity
. to be intrusted with a thing
Titus 1:3 which is committed unto me
Titus 3:8 they which have believed in God
Strong's G2003 - epitagē
(2 times)
I. an injunction, mandate, commandTitus 1:3 the commandment of God
Titus 2:15 rebuke with all authority
Strong's G4990 - sōtēr
(6 times)
saviour, deliverer, preserverTitus 1:3 our Saviour
Titus 1:4 our Saviour
Titus 2:10 our Saviour in all things
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:4 our Saviour
Titus 3:6 our Saviour
Strong's G5043 - teknon
(2 times)
I. offspring, children
A. child
i. a male child, a son
B. metaph.
. the name transferred to that intimate and reciprocal relationship formed between men by the bonds of love, friendship, trust, just as between parents and children
i. in affectionate address, such as patrons, helpers, teachers and the like employ: my child
ii. in the NT, pupils or disciples are called children of their teachers, because the latter by their instruction nourish the minds of their pupils and mould their characters
iii. children of God: in the OT of "the people of Israel" as especially dear to God, in the NT, in Paul's writings, all who are led by the Spirit of God and thus closely related to God
iv. children of the devil: those who in thought and action are prompted by the devil, and so reflect his character
C. metaph.
. of anything who depends upon it, is possessed by a desire or affection for it, is addicted to it
i. one who is liable to any fate
a. thus children of a city: it citizens and inhabitants
ii. the votaries of wisdom, those souls who have, as it were, been nurtured and moulded by wisdom
iii. cursed children, exposed to a curse and doomed to God's wrath or penalty
Titus 1:4 mine own son
Titus 1:6 having faithful children
Strong's G5485 - charis
(4 times)
I. grace
A. that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
II. good will, loving-kindness, favour
. of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues
III. what is due to grace
. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace
A. the token or proof of grace, benefit
i. a gift of grace
ii. benefit, bounty
IV. thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 2:11 the grace of God
Titus 3:7 justified by his grace
Titus 3:15 Grace be with you all
Strong's G1656 - eleos
(2 times)
I. mercy: kindness or good will towards the miserable and the afflicted, joined with a desire to help them
A. of men towards men: to exercise the virtue of mercy, show one's self merciful
B. of God towards men: in general providence; the mercy and clemency of God in providing and offering to men salvation by Christ
C. the mercy of Christ, whereby at his return to judgment he will bless true Christians with eternal life
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 3:5 according to his mercy he saved us
Strong's G5484 - charin
(3 times)
I. in favour of, for the pleasure of
II. for, for the sake of
III. on this account, for this cause
Titus 1:5 For this cause
Titus 1:11 for filthy lucre’s sake
Strong's G3007 - leipō
(2 times)
I. to leave, leave behind, forsake, to be left behind
A. to lag, be inferior
B. to be destitute of, to lack
II. to be wanting, to fail
Titus 1:5 the things that are wanting
Titus 3:13 that nothing be wanting unto them
Strong's G410 - anegklētos
(2 times)
I. that cannot be called into to account, unreproveable, unaccused, blamelessTitus 1:6 If any be blameless
Titus 1:7 a bishop must be blameless
Strong's G435 - anēr
(2 times)
I. with reference to sex
A. of a male
B. of a husband
C. of a betrothed or future husband
II. with reference to age, and to distinguish an adult man from a boy
III. any male
IV. used generically of a group of both men and women
Titus 1:6 the husband of one wife
Titus 2:5 obedient to their own husbands
Strong's G4103 - pistos
(3 times)
I. trusty, faithful
A. of persons who show themselves faithful in the transaction of business, the execution of commands, or the discharge of official duties
B. one who kept his plighted faith, worthy of trust
C. that can be relied on
II. easily persuaded
. believing, confiding, trusting
A. in the NT one who trusts in God's promises
i. one who is convinced that Jesus has been raised from the dead
ii. one who has become convinced that Jesus is the Messiah and author of salvation
Titus 1:6 having faithful children
Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word
Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying
Strong's G506 - anypotaktos
(2 times)
I. not made subject, unsubjected
II. that cannot be subjected to control, disobedient, unruly, refractory
Titus 1:6 or unruly
Titus 1:10 there are many unruly
Strong's G4998 - sōphrōn
(3 times)
I. of a sound mind, sane, in one's senses
II. curbing one's desires and impulses, self-controlled, temperate
Titus 1:8 sober
Titus 2:2 temperate
Titus 2:5 To be discreet
Strong's G5198 - hygiainō
(4 times)
I. to be sound, to be well, to be in good health
II. metaph.
A. of Christians whose opinions are free from any mixture of error
B. of one who keeps the graces and is strong
Titus 1:9 by sound doctrine
Titus 1:13 sound in the faith
Titus 2:1 which become sound doctrine

Challenge Questions:

After Titus went to Crete, what were the results? Has it made an impact on us today?
How would you ‘rebuke them sharply’ if you were Titus?
How should we react to people who claim to be believers but are only in it for the money or who have no good works to show? Are there people like this in your church?

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