Ephesians 4

Ephesians 4 (KJV)

OUR WALK WITH GOD

1I therefore, the prisoner G1198 of the Lord, G2962 beseech G3870 you that ye walk G4043 worthy G516 of the vocation G2821 wherewith ye are called, G2564 2With all lowliness G5012 and meekness, G4236 with longsuffering, G3115 forbearing G430 one another in love; G26 3Endeavouring G4704 to keep G5083 the unity G1775 of the Spirit G4151 in the bond G4886 of peace. G1515

Ephesians 4:1-3 Paul now gives advice on how we should walk. God has called each one of us to a specific job and we should walk worthily of that vocation with all humility, meekness, patience, bearing one another, and endeavoring to keep unity.

Compare “the prisoner of the Lord” to: Acts 16:19-40, 28:17, Rom 16:7, Eph 3:1, 2 Tim 1:8, Phm 1:1,9

Compare “walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called” to: Gen 5:24, 6:9, 17:1, 48:15, Exo 16:4, 18:20, Lev 18:4, 26:3-4, Deu 5:33, 8:6, 10:12, 11:22, 13:4, 19:9, 28:9, 30:16, Jos 22:5, 1 Kings 2:3-4, 3:14, 6:12, 8:58,61, 9:4, 11:38, 2 Kings 20:3, 23:3, 2 Chr 6:14, 17:14, 34:31, Psa 15:2, 84:11, 119:1-2, 128:1, Pro 14:2, 28:18, Isa 33:15-16, 38:3, Jer 7:23, Eze 11:19-20, 20:19-20, Hos 14:9, Luke 1:5-6, Acts 9:31, 21:24, Rom 6:4, 8:1,4, Gal 5:16,25, Eph 2:10, 5:2,8, Col 2:6, 1 John 1:7, 2:6, 2 John 1:4,6, 3 John 1:3-4

Compare “Endeavouring to keep the unity” to: Gen 13:8, Psa 133:1, Pro 15:18, 17:14, Rom 13:13, Phi 2:3, Eph 4:13

BODY OF UNITY

4There is one G1520 body, G4983 and one G1520 Spirit, G4151 even as ye are called G2564 in one G3391 hope G1680 of your calling; G2821 5One G1520 Lord, G2962 one G1520 faith, G4102 one G3391 baptism, G908 6One G1520 God G2316 and Father G3962 of all, who is above G1909 all, and through G1223 all, and in you all.

Ephesians 4:4-6 The motivation we have to walk worthily is due to the fact that we have one body of Christ, one Holy Spirit, one hope of our calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, and one God. These 7 points should allow us to remain unified in our efforts because God is above us, works through us, and is inside of us. If you are wondering about the phrase “one baptism,” please see my blog entitled Baptism in the Main Studies.

Compare “one body” to: Rom 12:4-5, 1 Cor 10:17, 12:12-20, Eph 2:16, Col 3:15

Compare “one Spirit” to: 1 Cor 12:13, Eph 2:18

Compare “one Lord” to: Deu 6:4, Psa 89:18, Isa 1:4,24, 5:24, 10:20, 29:19, 30:15,29, 31:1, 41:14,16,20, 43:3,14-15, 45:11, 47:4, 48:17, 49:7,26, 54:5, 55:5, 60:9,14,16, Jer 20:11, 50:29, 51:5, Eze 39:7, Hab 1:12, Zec 14:9, Mark 12:29, 1 Cor 8:6

GIFTS FROM THE ASCENSION OF CHRIST

7But unto every one of us is given G1325 grace G5485 according to the measure G3358 of the gift G1431 of Christ. G5547 8Wherefore he saith, When he ascended G305 up G1519 on high, G5311 he led captivity G162 captive, G161 and gave G1325 gifts G1390 unto men. 9(Now that he ascended, G305 what is it but that he also descended G2597 first G4412 into the lower G2737 parts G3313 of the earth? G1093 10He that descended G2597 is the same also that ascended up G305 far above G5231 all heavens, G3772 that he might fill G4137 all things.) G3956 11And he gave G1325 some, apostles; G652 and some, prophets; G4396 and some, evangelists; G2099 and some, pastors G4166 and teachers; G1320

Ephesians 4:7-11 Verse 8 is a direct quote from Psalm 68:18 which I believe is a reference to Mt. Sinai at the giving of the commandments and the establishment of the Levitical priesthood. God gave gifts to the children of Israel in the form of vocations. Now that Christ has ascended to heaven and the Levitical priesthood is no longer intact, He gave new gifts to His church in the form of apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers. Please see my blogs on each of these vocations in the Main Studies to learn more about them.

REASON FOR THE GIFTS

12For the perfecting G2677 of the saints, G40 for the work G2041 of the ministry, G1248 for the edifying G3619 of the body G4983 of Christ: G5547 13Till we all come in the unity G1775 of the faith, G4102 and of the knowledge G1922 of the Son G5207 of God, G2316 unto a perfect G5046 man, unto the measure G3358 of the stature G2244 of the fulness G4138 of Christ: G5547 14That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, G2831 and carried about with every wind G417 of doctrine, G1319 by the sleight G2940 of men, and cunning craftiness, G1722 G3834 whereby they lie in wait G3180 to deceive; G4106 15But speaking the truth G226 in love, G26 may grow up G837 into him in all things, G3956 which is the head, G2776 even Christ: G5547 16From whom the whole body G4983 fitly joined together and compacted G4822 by that which every joint G860 supplieth, G2024 according to the effectual working G1753 in the measure G3358 of every part, G1520 G3313 maketh increase of the body G4983 unto the edifying G3619 of itself in love. G26

Ephesians 4:12-16 The reason Christ gives these five vocations is because He wants them to perfect the saints so that they too can work the ministry and edify the church body of Christ. They will keep performing this work until the whole church is in unity with the faith, knows that Jesus is the Son of God, becomes perfect, and till we can measure ourselves with Christ. When this happens, we’ll no longer be children who believe any doctrine that we hear. In fact, we will speak the truth in love which helps us to grow in Christ and promote unity. Christ is the head of the church body which must work together, edifying itself, so that it functions properly.

Compare “work of the ministry” to: Num 4:46-47, Acts 6:4, 1 Cor 16:15, 2 Cor 4:1, 5:18, 1 Tim 1:12

Compare “edifying of the body of Christ” to: Acts 9:31, Rom 14:19, 15:2, 1 Cor 8:1, 14:3-5,12,26, 2 Cor 10:8, 12:19, 13:10, Eph 4:29, 1 The 5:11, 1 Tim 1:4

Compare “speaking the truth in love” to: Psa 15:2, Pro 8:7, 12:17, Zec 8:16, Acts 26:25, Eph 4:25, 1 Tim 2:7

THE WRONG WAY TO WALK

17This I say therefore, and testify G3143 in the Lord, G2962 that ye henceforth walk G4043 not as other Gentiles G1484 walk, G4043 in the vanity G3153 of their mind, G3563 18Having the understanding G1271 darkened, G4654 being alienated G526 from the life G2222 of God G2316 through the ignorance G52 that is in them, because  of the blindness G4457 of their heart: G2588 19Who being past feeling G524 have given G3860 themselves over unto lasciviousness, G766 to work G2039 all uncleanness G167 with greediness. G4124

Ephesians 4:17-19 When we receive these gifts from God, we should not continue to walk like we used to walk, nor as the Gentiles walk. They walk in the vanity of their mind, having their understanding darkened, being alienated from God because of the blindness of their heart. They have no compassion because they have given themselves over to unrestrained lusts who work in uncleanness because they are greedy. This is a call to have a complete lifestyle change.

Compare “walk not as other Gentiles walk” to: Lev 18:3, 20:23, 26:21-28, Deu 8:19, 29:18-20, 1 Sam 8:3-5, 1 Kings 11:33, 2 Kings 21:21-22, Psa 1:1, 81:12, Pro 1:15-16, Ecc 2:14, Jer 7:9,24, 8:2, 9:14, 11:8, 13:10, 16:11-12, 18:12, 23:14, 32:23, Eze 11:12,21, 20:13-16,21, Micah 4:5, John 8:12, 12:35, Acts 14:16, Eph 2:2, 2 The 3:6,11, 1 Pet 4:3, 2 Pet 2:10, 3:3, 1 John 1:6, 2:11, Jude 1:15-18

HOW TO WALK

20But ye have not so learned G3129 Christ; G5547 21If so be that ye have heard G191 him, and have been taught G1321 by him, as the truth G225 is in Jesus: G2424 22That ye put off G659 concerning the former G4387 conversation G391 the old G3820 man, which is corrupt G5351 according to the deceitful G539 lusts; G1939 23And be renewed G365 in the spirit G4151 of your mind; G3563 24And that ye put on G1746 the new G2537 man, which after God G2316 is created G2936 in righteousness G1343 and true G225 holiness. G3742

Ephesians 4:20-24 If you are now in Christ, then you have heard Him and been taught by Him. Therefore we are not to conduct ourselves according to our old lifestyle which is corrupt, but rather, renew the spirit of our mind by putting on the new man which is created in righteousness and true holiness.

Compare “put off concerning the former conversation the old man” to: Rom 6:6, 13:12, 2 Cor 5:17, Col 2:11, 3:8-9, 1 Peter 1:14

Compare “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind” to: Psa 51:10, Rom 8:6, 12:2, 2 Cor 4:16, Col 3:10

Compare “And that ye put on the new man” to: Eze 11:19, 18:31, 36:36, Rom 6:4, 2 Cor 5:17, Gal 6:15, Col 3:10

COMMANDMENTS TO KEEP

25Wherefore putting away G659 lying, G5579 speak every man truth G225 with his neighbour: G4139 for we are members G3196 one of another. 26Be ye angry, G3710 and sin G264 not: let not the sun G2246 go down upon your wrath: G3950 27Neither give G1325 place G5117 to the devil. G1228 28Let him that stole G2813 steal G2813 no more: but rather let him labour, G2872 working G2038 with his hands G5495 the thing which is good, G18 that he may have to give G3330 to him that needeth. G5532 G2192 29Let no corrupt G4550 communication G3056 proceed G1607 out of your mouth, G4750 but that which is good G18 to the use of edifying, G3619 that it may minister G1325 grace G5485 unto the hearers. G191 30And grieve G3076 not the holy G40 Spirit G4151 of God, G2316 whereby ye are sealed G4972 unto the day of redemption. G629 31Let all bitterness, G4088 and wrath, G2372 and anger, G3709 and clamour, G2906 and evil speaking, G988 be put away G142 from you, with all malice: G2549 32And be ye kind G5543 one to another, tenderhearted, G2155 forgiving G5483 one another, even as God G2316 for Christ’s G5547 sake G1722 hath forgiven G5483 you.

Ephesians 4:25-32 How should we practically walk out our faith in righteousness and true holiness? We stop lying, speak the truth, be angry without sinning, delay wrath, don’t give the devil a place, stop stealing, work honesty so that we can give to the needy, stop cussing or using filthy language, speak with edification, don’t grieve the Holy Spirit, stop being bitter, stop being full of wrath, stop being full of anger, stop crying out, stop wanting to do evil to others, be kind to others, be tenderhearted, and forgive each other. Is that so hard to ask! 🙂 Paul quotes many of the commandments concerning our relationship with mankind found in the Old Testament. If we are the saints of God, we should be doing the things that Paul tells us to do at the end of this chapter.

Compare “putting away lying, speak every man truth to his neighbor” to: Exo 20:16, Deu 5:20, Psa 31:18, 52:3, 59:12, 119:29, 120:2, Pro 6:16-19, 8:7, 12:17,22, 13:5, 14:5, 19:5,9, 21:28, 26:28, Isa 59:4, Jer 9:5, Hos 4:1-2, Jon 2:8, Zec 8:16, Mat 15:19, 19:18, Mark 10:19, Luke 18:20, John 8:44, 16:13, Rom 13:9, Eph 4:15, 1 Tim 2:7, Rev 21:8,27, 22:15

Compare “be angry and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath” to: Exo 4:14, 32:19, Lev 10:16, Num 11:1,10, 12:9, 22:22, 25:3-4, 32:10-14, Deu 1:37, 4:21, 6:15, 9:8,20, 29:20-28, 31:17, Jos 7:1, 23:16, Jud 2:12-20, 3:8, 10:7, 2 Sam 6:7, 24:1, 1 Kings 11:9, 2 Kings 13:3, 17:18, 23:26, 1 Chr 13:10, 25:15, Neh 5:6, 9:17, Psa 7:11, 76:7, 103:8-9, 145:8, Pro 14:29, 15:18, 16:32, Isa 5:25, 12:1, Joel 2:13, Jon 4:2, Nah 1:3, Mat 5:21-22, Gal 5:19-21, Col 3:8, James 1:19

Compare “the devil” to: Gen 3:1-15, 1 Chr 21:1, 2 Chr 18:18-22, Job 1:6-12, 2:1-7, Psa 109:2-6, Isa 14:12-15, Eze 28:12-19, Zec 3:1-2, Mat 4:1-11, 12:24-28, 13:18-19,24-30,37-43, 16:23, 25:41, Mark 1:12-13, 3:22-26, 4:14-15, 8:33, Luke 4:1-13, 8:11-12, 10:18, 11:15-19, 13:16, 22:3,31, John 8:44, 12:31, 13:2,27, Acts 5:3, 10:38, 13:8-10, 26:18, Rom 16:20, 1 Cor 5:5, 7:5, 2 Cor 2:11, 4:4, 11:14-15, Eph 6:11-12, 1 The 2:18, 2 The 2:8-10, 1 Tim 1:18-20, 3:6-7, 5:15, 2 Tim 2:26, Heb 2:14, James 4:7, 1 Pet 5:8, 1 John 3:8-12, Jude 1:9, Rev 2:9-10,12-13,24, 3:9, 12:3-17, 20:1-3,7-10

Compare “let him who stole steal no more” to: Exo 20:15, 21:16, 22:1, Lev 19:11, Deu 5:19, 24:7, Jer 7:8-10, Hos 4:1-2, Zec 5:3, Mat 5:19, 19:18, Mark 10:19, Luke 18:20, John 10:1,10, Rom 2:21, 13:9, 1 Cor 6:10, 1 Pet 4:15

Compare “Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth” to: Psa 10:7, Rom 3:13-14, Col 3:8, James 1:26

Compare “that which is good to the use of edifying” to: Acts 9:31, Rom 14:19, 15:2, 1 Cor 8:1, 14:3-5,12,26, 2 Cor 10:8, 12:19, 13:10, Eph 4:29, 1 The 5:11, 1 Tim 1:4

Compare “whereby ye are sealed” to: Son 8:6, John 6:27, Rom 4:11, 2 Cor 1:22, Eph 1:13, 2 Tim 2:19, Rev 7:1-8, 9:4

Challenge Questions:

Why does the Bible talk about our experience after salvation as ‘our walk?’

Do you believe that the church today should operate with apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers?

This chapter says that we are to “not walk as the Gentiles walk.” How does that relate to your old lifestyle?

You can contact me directly using the following form or leave a comment below.

Ephesians 2

Ephesians 2 (KJV)

OUR PRIOR SINFUL STATE

1And you hath he quickened, who were dead G3498 in trespasses G3900 and sins; G266 2Wherein in time past G4218 ye walked G4043 according to the course G165 of this world, G2889 according to the prince G758 of the power G1849 of the air, G109 the spirit G4151 that now worketh G1754 in the children G5207 of disobedience:G543 3Among whom also we all had our conversation G390 in times past G4218 in the lusts G1939 of our flesh, G4561 fulfilling G4160 the desires G2307 of the flesh G4561 and of the mind; G1271and were by nature G5449 the children G5043 of wrath, G3709 even as others. 4But God, G2316 who is rich G4145 in mercy,G1656 for his great G4183 love G26 wherewith he loved G25 us, 5Even when we were dead G3498 in sins, G3900 hath quickened us together with G4806 Christ,G5547 (by grace G5485 ye are saved;) G4982

Ephesians 2:1-5 Paul reminds us of what it was like before Christ. We were dead in trespasses and sins, walking after the prince of the power of the air according to the course of this world, and our conduct was after the lusts of our flesh and mind. We were children of disobedience and children of wrath like everyone else. But Christ, by the mercy and love of God, has taken us from our dead state and made us alive in Him by His grace.

Compare “hath he quickened” and “hath quickened us” to: Psa 71:20, 119:50,93, John 5:21,24 6:63, Rom 4:17, 1 Cor 15:45, Col 2:13, 1 Pet 3:18

Compare “prince of the power of the air” to John 12:31, Acts 26:18

Compare “children of disobedience” and “children of wrath” to: Deu 9:7-8,22, Eph 5:6, Col 3:6

Compare “by grace ye are saved” to: Acts 15:11, Eph 2:8, 2 Tim 1:9

OUR NEW STATE

6And hath raised us up together, G4891 and made us sit together G4776 in heavenly G2032 places in Christ G5547 Jesus: G2424 7That in the ages G165 to come he might shew G1731 the exceeding G5235 riches G4149 of his grace G5485 in his kindness G5544 toward G1909 us through Christ G5547 Jesus. G2424

Ephesians 2:6-7 Christ has not only spiritually resurrected us, but has raised us up to sit in heavenly places in the future. By doing this, He will be able to show the exceeding riches of His grace because we will see everyone Christ has redeemed.

Compare “in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace” to: Isa 64:4, Mark 10:30, Luke 18:30, 1 Cor 2:9 

HOW HE SAVES US

8For by grace G5485 are ye saved G4982 through G1223 faith; G4102 and that not of yourselves: it is the gift G1435 of God: G2316 9Not of works, G2041 lest any man should boast. G2744

Ephesians 2:8-9 We have faith in God and He saves us by the gift of His grace. Nothing within ourselves, like our works, can save us because otherwise we would boast about it.

Compare “through faith” to: Deu 32:30, Hab 2:4, Mark 11:22, Luke 7:50, 18:42, Acts 20:21, Rom 1:17, 3:27-28,31, 4:5,14-16, 5:1-2, Gal 3:24, Heb 6:12, 10:38, 11:6, 1 John 5:4 

Compare “not of works” to: Gal 2:16,20, 3:11-12

Compare “gift of God” to: John 4:10, Acts 8:20, Rom 6:23

WHY HE SAVES US

10For we are his workmanship, G4161 created G2936 in Christ G5547 Jesus G2424 unto good G18 works, G2041 which God G2316 hath before ordained G4282 that we should walk G4043 in them. G846

Ephesians 2:10 Christ saves us because we are His workmanship and were originally created to do good works. Therefore, now that we are saved, we are to do good works.

Compare “we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus” to: Eze 11:19, 18:31, 36:26, 2 Cor 5:17, Gal 6:15, Col 3:10

Compare “unto good works” to: Mat 5:16, John 10:32, Acts 9:36, 2 Cor 9:8, Col 1:10, 1 Tim 2:9-10, 3:1, 5:9-10,25, 6:18, 2 Tim 2:21, 3:17, Titus 2:7,14, 3:1,8,14, Heb 10:24, 13:21, James 2:17-26

Compare “that we should walk in them” to: Gen 5:24, 6:9, 17:1, 48:15, Exo 16:4, 18:20, Lev 18:4, 26:3-4, Deu 5:33, 8:6, 10:12, 11:22, 13:4, 19:9, 28:9, 30:16, Jos 22:5, 1 Kings 2:3-4, 3:14, 6:12, 8:58,61, 9:4, 11:38, 2 Kings 20:3, 23:3, 2 Chr 6:14, 17:14, 34:31, Psa 15:2, 84:11, 119:1-2, 128:1, Pro 14:2, 28:18, Isa 33:15-16, 38:3, Jer 7:23, Eze 11:19-20, 20:19-20, Hos 14:9, Luke 1:5-6, Acts 9:31, 21:24, Rom 6:4, 8:1,4, Gal 5:16,25, Eph 5:2,8, Col 2:6, 1 John 1:7, 2:6, 2 John 1:4,6, 3 John 1:3-4

RECALL OUR OLD LIFE

11Wherefore remember, G3421 that ye being in time past G4218 Gentiles G1484 in the flesh, G4561 who are called Uncircumcision G203 by that which is called the Circumcision G4061 in the flesh G4561 made by hands; G5499 12That at that time G2540 ye were without Christ, G5547 being aliens G526 from the commonwealth G4174 of Israel, G2474 and strangers G3581 from the covenants G1242 of promise, G1860 having no hope, G1680 and without God G112 in the world: G2889

Ephesians 2:11-12 As saints, we are still to remember that we used to be Gentiles in the flesh, having no hope, without God, uncircumcised of the heart, aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise. This is also a good reminder as we witness to others knowing that they are also in this state.

Compare “Gentiles in the flesh” to: Gen 10:5, Mat 6:31-32, Acts 14:27, 15:3,14,17, 26:20,23, 28:28, Rom 2:14, 9:30, 1 Cor 10:20, 12:2, Eph 4:17, 1 The 2:16, 4:5, 1 Pet 4:3

Compare “covenants of promise” to: Gen 9:9-17, 15:18-21, 17:7-14, Exo 19:3-8, 24:7-8, 31:12-17, 34:27-28, Isa 59:21, Jer 31:31-33, Mat 26:26-28, Mark 14:22-24, Luke 1:67-79, 22:13-20, Acts 3:25-26, Rom 9:3-4, Gal 3:13-18, Heb 8, 10:15-17

RESULT OF OUR SALVATION

13But now in Christ G5547 Jesus G2424 ye who sometimes were far off G3112 are made nigh G1451 by the blood G129 of Christ. G5547 14For he is our peace, G1515 who hath made both one, G1520 and hath broken down G3089 the middle wall G3320 of partition G5418 between us; 15Having abolished G2673 in his flesh G4561 the enmity, G2189 even the law G3551 of commandments G1785 contained in ordinances; G1378 for to make G2936 in himself of twain G1417 one G1519 G1520 new G2537 man, so making peace; G1515 16And that he might reconcile G604 both unto God G2316 in one G1520 body G4983 by the cross, G4716 having slain G615 the enmity G2189 thereby:

Ephesians 2:13-16 When we were in our sinful state, we were far from God. Christ, who is our peace, makes peace by bringing us near to God by His blood on the cross making us one instead of two. A similar thing happens in marriage. Christ has broken down the separation, or enmity, which is the law of commandments contained in ordinances. What are these laws of commandments contained in ordinances?

Compare “made nigh by the blood of Christ” to: Mat 26:28, Mark 14:24, Luke 22:20, Heb 9:14, 1 Pet 1:2, 1 John 1:7, Rev 1:5

Compare “the enmity” to: Rom 8:7, James 4:4

OUR RELATION TO GOD

17And came G2064 and preached G2097 peace G1515 to you which were afar off, G3112 and to them that were nigh. G1451 18For through G1223 him we both have access G4318 by one G1520 Spirit G4151 unto the Father. G3962 19Now therefore ye are no more strangers G3581 and foreigners, G3941 but fellowcitizens G4847 with the saints, G40 and of the household G3609 of God; G2316

Ephesians 2:17-19 Christ came and preached peace to the Jews and to the Gentiles. It’s because of Christ that we have access to God the Father through the Holy Spirit. God now declares that we are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with all those who are called saints in the household of God.

THE BUILDING OF GOD

20And are built G2026 upon the foundation G2310 of the apostles G652 and prophets, G4396 Jesus G2424Christ G5547 himself being the chief corner G204stone; 21In whom all the building G3619 fitly framed together G4883 groweth G837 unto an holy G40 temple G3485 in the Lord: G2962 22In whom ye also are builded together G4925 for an habitation G2732 of God G2316 through the Spirit. G4151

Ephesians 2:20-22 Jesus Christ is our chief cornerstone, the apostles and prophets are the foundation, and the building is the saints which form a holy temple which becomes the habitation of God through the Holy Spirit. This is a great comparison to the city of God that we read in Revelation 21.

Compare “Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone” to: Psa 118:22, Isa 28:16, Mat 21:42, Mark 12:10, Luke 20:17, Acts 4:10-12, 1 Pet 2:6-7

Challenge Questions:

Are we sitting in heavenly places now or does it take place in the future?

If we once were ‘strangers of the covenants of promise,’ then what does that make us now?

What is the ‘middle way of partition,’ ‘the enmity,’ and ‘the law of commandments contained in ordinances?’

If we are built upon the foundation of the apostles and the prophets, does that mean they we don’t have apostles and prophets today?