Bishops-The Overseer of the Church

When you think of a bishop, what comes to mind? Today, I would like to comb the Scriptures with you to find out what the Bible says about this key position in the church. If you have a bishop in your church, then compare this analysis to what they do. It’s important that we stick to exactly what the Scriptures tell us about this position so that everything within the church will run smoothly. If you are called to be a Bishop, then I hope this study is a great resource for you! Let’s start with a couple of definitions:


Strong’s G1984 – episkopē  ἐπισκοπή

1)investigation, inspection, visitation

a)that act by which God looks into and searches out the ways, deeds character, of men, in order to adjudge them their lot accordingly, whether joyous or sad

b)oversight

1)overseership, office, charge, the office of an elder

2)the overseer or presiding officers of a Christian church

Strong’s G1985 – episkopos  ἐπίσκοπος

1)an overseer

a)a man charged with the duty of seeing that things to be done by others are done rightly, any curator, guardian or superintendent

b)the superintendent, elder, or overseer of a Christian church


So by these definitions alone, it would seem that a Bishop is an elder in the church who oversees the church affairs by making sure things are done rightly and that all investigations are performed appropriately. The Bishop is in charge of the other elders and officers that are appointed within the church. The following chart will help you to understand this concept. Please be sure to read my other blogs concerning the other positions.

Spiritual Gift administrations hiearchy chart

We see that the Bishop is at the top of the hierarchy. Positions not included in this chart would be treasurers, custodians, and other church members but these are the ones we’ll focus on. Also, we understand that God is the head of the church and not mankind.

Now let’s get into the scripture references for Bishops. The first is in Acts.

Acts 20:28 (KJV)

28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

Paul is addressing the elders of the church at Ephesus. It’s unclear whether he is conversing with the bishops only or all the elders. Either way, Paul makes it clear that the Holy Spirit is the one who has appointed them to their positions and it is their responsibility to take care of the church of God. By the way, if Paul is talking with all the elders in the church and not solely the bishops, then what he says is true seeing that each position has it’s own activities to oversee.

2 Timothy 4:22 (GNV)

22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy Spirit. Grace be with you, Amen. ¶ The second Epistle written from Rome unto Timothy, the first Bishop elected of the Church of Ephesus, when Paul was presented the second time before the Emperor Nero.

In the 1599 Geneva Bible Version of 2 Timothy 4:22, the added footnote says that the first bishop elected at the church in Ephesus was Timothy.

Philippians 1:1 (KJV)

1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons:

Paul address his Philippian letter to all the saints at Philippi including the staff which includes bishops and deacons. This word bishop can also be translated as overseer to include all the elders in the church, not just the Bishops. This would mean that everyone would be included in this letter and not a select few.

1 Peter 2:25 (KJV)

25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

Here Peter references Jesus as the Bishop of our souls. Jesus is the one overseer who is in charge of the church as a whole. A Bishop is an overseer over a local congregation.

Now we will get into the details of what Paul outlines as the duties of a Bishop. Both Timothy and Titus were Bishops. Paul writes both of them letters outlining what a Bishop is. For Timothy, he writes about 7 verses. For Titus, he writes about 38 verses.

1 Timothy 3:1-7 (KJV)

1This is a true saying, if a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.  A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;  Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;  One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;  (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)  Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.  Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.

Titus 1:5-3:11 (KJV)

5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee: 6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly. 7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre; 8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate; 9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. 10 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: 11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre’s sake. 12 One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, the Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies. 13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith; 14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. 15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. 16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

2 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine: 2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience. 3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; 4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, 5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed. 6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded. 7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity, 8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you. 9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again; 10 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things. 11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, 12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; 13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; 14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. 15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

3 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work, 2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men. 3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. 4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, 5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; 6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; 7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. 8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men. 9 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain. 10 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; 11 Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.

The first chapter in Titus can be compared with the passage found in 1 Timothy 3. Here is a chart that compares the two.

Titus 11 Timothy 3
Blameless
Husband of one wife
Steward of God
Not Self-Willed
Not Soon Angry
Vigilant
Sober
Just
Holy
Temperate
Good Behavior
Given to Hospitality
Lover of Good Men
Apt to Teach
Not Given to Wine
No Striker
Not Greedy of Filthy Lucre
Patient
Not a Brawler
Be Gentle
Show Meekness to all Men
Not Covetous
Rules His Own House Well
Having Faithful Children Not Accused of Riot or UnrulyChildren Subject With all Gravity
Not a Novice
Have a Good Report

So as you can see, there are some similarities and there are differences. Combined though, Paul gives all the prerequisites to becoming a Bishop over a local congregation. Since a Bishop is in charge of such a large group of people, much prayer, research, and consideration must be involved when making an important decision like this one. A person who feels led to become a Bishop must posses certain spiritual gifts. This graphic shows the minimum requirements. A Bishop could have more than the ones listed here though.

Bishop Gifts

When a person desires the position of being a Bishop, they should be focused on administering, guiding, and overseeing. They are a person who is a leader, who sees the whole picture, is able to delegate, and understands each of the roles of the administration gifts, each of the functions of the operations gifts, and each of the uses of the manifestations gifts. A good example of a Bishop besides Timothy and Titus would be to study Nehemiah. He displayed extraordinary leadership skills despite the atmosphere of the people.

Obtaining the office of a Bishop does come with some disadvantages. That much power and authority can be used in a negative way if the person is not careful. If you are seeking this office, follow these suggestions:

  • Don’t become lazy by telling other people what to do and never doing anything yourself.
  • Be sensitive to the needs and situations of others when dictating demands.
  • Don’t use people for your own selfish desires.
  • Don’t overlook character flaws in people who shouldn’t hold certain positions or responsibilities.
  • Don’t overload people with tasks.
  • Don’t overstep your authority.
  • Be open to listening to other people’s ideas.
  • Don’t neglect praying.
  • Don’t take foolish pride in your position.

Above all, keep Christ at the head and seek His will for all decision making. Trust that God knows what’s best and lean not on just your own understanding. Remember what Gideon said to the men of Israel:

Judges 8:23 (KJV)

23 And Gideon said unto them, I will not rule over you, neither shall my son rule over you: the Lord shall rule over you.

Challenge Questions:

If you have a Bishop in your church, do they meet these qualifications?

If you don’t have a Bishop in your church, why not?

Do you agree with the assessment of which spiritual gifts a Bishop must have?

After looking over this study on Bishops, do you agree with my assessment that a Bishop is a singular individual in charge of the other administrative positions, or do you believe that a Bishop is plural and encompasses all the administrative positions?

Don’t forget to comment! Be sure to Like and Share!

Titus 3

Titus 3 (KJV)

MORE ADVICE FOR BISHOPS

3 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work, 2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.

Titus 3:1-2 Paul continues his advice to Titus that he needs to tell the bishops to be submissive to the government, to always do the right thing, to speak no evil of anyone, and to be gentle showing meekness. These are servant-leaders who are not supposed to flaunt their position or use their position as a form of power against others.

3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.

Titus 3:3 Paul reminds Titus that every person used to do the things that we preach against. This why we must express gentleness when exhorting others.

GENERAL STATEMENT OF SALVATION

4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, 5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; 6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; 7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

Titus 3:4-7 It is not be our righteousness that we are saved, but rather by the kindness, love and mercy of God through the death of Jesus Christ that we can be justified by grace and attain eternal life. Paul lists out three things: mercy, regeneration, and renewal. When we put our faith and trust in Christ after confessing our sins, God grants His mercy on us. When we are baptized by immersion, we are washed by regeneration. When the Holy Spirit enters our life, we are renewed.

HANDLING HERTICS

8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

Titus 3:8 This truth needs to always be affirmed so that believers will maintain good works. This is what benefits mankind the most.

9 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.

Titus 3:9 Throughout this process, there may be some distractions. These should be avoided. Paul gives a few examples but with each generation, more items could be added to this list.

10 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; 11 Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.

Titus 3:10-11 A heretic is one who follows a false doctrine. If you have admonished this person twice, don’t continue. He is condemning himself. This can be a hard pill to swallow for the Messianic believer who truly has a heart for the lost. But this is the advice Paul gives.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR FRIENDS

12 When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.

Titus 3:12 When Paul sends Artemas or Tychicus to Titus, Titus is to meet Paul in Nicopolis, Greece since he’ll be there all winter.

Nicopolis

13 Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them.

Titus 3:13 When Titus leaves Crete, he is also to bring with him Zenas and Apollos so that they are not without anything.

14 And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.

Titus 3:14 Paul wants these men to also maintain good works and produce good fruit. Performing good works by obeying sound doctrine is a main theme of this letter.

BENEDICTION

15 All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.

Titus 3:15 Paul ends his letter by saying there are several people with him and all of them salute Titus. He encourages Titus to greet all fellow-believers and wishes grace to be with Titus and those in his company.

Strong’s # and TransliterationStrong’s DefinitionUse of this word in TItus
Strong's G2316 – theos
(12 times)
I. a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities
II. the Godhead, trinity
A. God the Father, the first person in the trinity
B. Christ, the second person of the trinity
C. Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity
III. spoken of the only and true God
. refers to the things of God
A. his counsels, interests, things due to him
IV. whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resemble him in any way
. God's representative or viceregent
i. of magistrates and judges
Titus 1:1 servant of God…faith of God’s elect
Titus 1:2 which God that cannot lie
Titus 1:3 commandment of God
Titus 1:4 from God the Father
Titus 1:7 the steward of God
Titus 1:16 profess that they know God
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:10 the doctrine of God
Titus 2:11 grace of God
Titus 2:13 glorious appearing of the great God
Titus 3:4 love of God
Titus 3:8 believed in God
Strong's G2424 – Iēsous
(4 times)
I. Jesus = "Jehovah is salvation"
A. Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour of mankind, God incarnate
B. Jesus Barabbas was the captive robber whom the Jews begged Pilate to release instead of Christ
C. Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses' successor (Ac. 7:45, Heb. 4:8)
D. Jesus, son of Eliezer, one of the ancestors of Christ (Lu. 3:29)
E. Jesus, surnamed Justus, a Jewish Christian, an associate with Paul in the preaching of the gospel (Col. 4:11)
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G5547 – Christos
(4 times)
I. Christ = "anointed"
A. Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God
B. anointed
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 through Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G4102 – pistis
(6 times)
I. conviction of the truth of anything, belief; in the NT of a conviction or belief respecting man's relationship to God and divine things, generally with the included idea of trust and holy fervour born of faith and joined with it
A. relating to God
i. the conviction that God exists and is the creator and ruler of all things, the provider and bestower of eternal salvation through Christ
B. relating to Christ
. a strong and welcome conviction or belief that Jesus is the Messiah, through whom we obtain eternal salvation in the kingdom of God
C. the religious beliefs of Christians
D. belief with the predominate idea of trust (or confidence) whether in God or in Christ, springing from faith in the same
II. fidelity, faithfulness
. the character of one who can be relied on
Titus 1:1 faith of God’s Elect
Titus 1:4 after the common faith
Titus 1:13 sound in the faith
Titus 2:2 sound in faith
Titus 2:10 showing all good fidelity
Titus 3:15 love us in the faith
Strong's G1680 – elpis
(3 times)
I. expectation of evil, fear
II. expectation of good, hope
A. in the Christian sense
i. joyful and confident expectation of eternal salvation
III. on hope, in hope, having hope
. the author of hope, or he who is its foundation
A. the thing hoped for
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life
Titus 2:13 that blessed hope
Titus 3:7 according to the hope of eternal life
Strong's G166 – aiōnios
(3 times)
I. without beginning and end, that which always has been and always will be
II. without beginning
III. without end, never to cease, everlasting
Titus 1:2 hope of eternal life…before the world began
Titus 3:7 hope of eternal life
Strong's G2222 – zōē
(2 times)
I. life
A. the state of one who is possessed of vitality or is animate
B. every living soul
II. life
. of the absolute fulness of life, both essential and ethical, which belongs to God, and through him both to the hypostatic "logos" and to Christ in whom the "logos" put on human nature
A. life real and genuine, a life active and vigorous, devoted to God, blessed, in the portion even in this world of those who put their trust in Christ, but after the resurrection to be consummated by new accessions (among them a more perfect body), and to last for ever.
Titus 1:2 hope of eternal life
Titus 3:7 hope of eternal life
Strong's G3056 – logos
(5 times)
I. of speech
A. a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea
B. what someone has said
i. a word
ii. the sayings of God
iii. decree, mandate or order
iv. of the moral precepts given by God
v. Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets
vi. what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim
C. discourse
. the act of speaking, speech
i. the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking
ii. a kind or style of speaking
iii. a continuous speaking discourse - instruction
D. doctrine, teaching
E. anything reported in speech; a narration, narrative
F. matter under discussion, thing spoken of, affair, a matter in dispute, case, suit at law
G. the thing spoken of or talked about; event, deed
II. its use as respect to the MIND alone
. reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating
A. account, i.e. regard, consideration
B. account, i.e. reckoning, score
C. account, i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment
D. relation, i.e. with whom as judge we stand in relation
. reason would
E. reason, cause, ground
III. In John, denotes the essential Word of God, Jesus Christ, the personal wisdom and power in union with God, his minister in creation and government of the universe, the cause of all the world's life both physical and ethical, which for the procurement of man's salvation put on human nature in the person of Jesus the Messiah, the second person in the Godhead, and shone forth conspicuously from His words and deeds.
Titus 1:3 manifested his word through preaching
Titus 1:9 the faithful word
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:8 Sound speech
Titus 3:8 a faithful saying
Strong's G4100 – pisteuō
(2 times)
I. to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in
A. of the thing believed
i. to credit, have confidence
B. in a moral or religious reference
. used in the NT of the conviction and trust to which a man is impelled by a certain inner and higher prerogative and law of soul
i. to trust in Jesus or God as able to aid either in obtaining or in doing something: saving faith
ii. mere acknowledgment of some fact or event: intellectual faith
II. to entrust a thing to one, i.e. his fidelity
. to be intrusted with a thing
Titus 1:3 which is committed unto me
Titus 3:8 they which have believed in God
Strong's G4990 - sōtēr
(6 times)
saviour, deliverer, preserverTitus 1:3 our Saviour
Titus 1:4 our Saviour
Titus 2:10 our Saviour in all things
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:4 our Saviour
Titus 3:6 our Saviour
Strong's G5485 - charis
(4 times)
I. grace
A. that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
II. good will, loving-kindness, favour
. of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues
III. what is due to grace
. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace
A. the token or proof of grace, benefit
i. a gift of grace
ii. benefit, bounty
IV. thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 2:11 the grace of God
Titus 3:7 justified by his grace
Titus 3:15 Grace be with you all
Strong's G1656 - eleos
(2 times)
I. mercy: kindness or good will towards the miserable and the afflicted, joined with a desire to help them
A. of men towards men: to exercise the virtue of mercy, show one's self merciful
B. of God towards men: in general providence; the mercy and clemency of God in providing and offering to men salvation by Christ
C. the mercy of Christ, whereby at his return to judgment he will bless true Christians with eternal life
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 3:5 according to his mercy he saved us
Strong's G3007 - leipō
(2 times)
I. to leave, leave behind, forsake, to be left behind
A. to lag, be inferior
B. to be destitute of, to lack
II. to be wanting, to fail
Titus 1:5 the things that are wanting
Titus 3:13 that nothing be wanting unto them
Strong's G4103 - pistos
(3 times)
I. trusty, faithful
A. of persons who show themselves faithful in the transaction of business, the execution of commands, or the discharge of official duties
B. one who kept his plighted faith, worthy of trust
C. that can be relied on
II. easily persuaded
. believing, confiding, trusting
A. in the NT one who trusts in God's promises
i. one who is convinced that Jesus has been raised from the dead
ii. one who has become convinced that Jesus is the Messiah and author of salvation
Titus 1:6 having faithful children
Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word
Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying
Strong's G3956 - pas
(14 times)
I. individually
A. each, every, any, all, the whole, everyone, all things, everything
II. collectively
. some of all types
Titus 1:15 all things are pure
Titus 1:16 unto every good work
Titus 2:7 In all things
Titus 2:9 please them well in all things
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 2:11 hath appeared unto all men
Titus 2:14 redeem us from all iniquity
Titus 2:15 rebuke will all authority
Titus 3:1 to be ready to every good work.
Titus 3:2 shewing all meekness unto all men.
Titus 3:15 All that are with me…Grace be with you all.
Strong's G2041 - ergon
(7 times)
I. business, employment, that which any one is occupied
A. that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking
II. any product whatever, any thing accomplished by hand, art, industry, or mind
III. an act, deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasised in opp. to that which is less than work
Titus 1:16 but in works they deny him…every good work
Titus 2:7 a pattern or good works
Titus 2:14 zealous of good works
Titus 3:1 ready to every good work
Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness
Titus 3:8 be careful to maintain good works
Titus 3:14 to maintain good works
Strong's G545 - apeithēs
(2 times)
I. impersuasible, not compliant, disobedient, contumaciousTitus 1:16 and disobedient
Titus 3:3 disobedient
Strong's G18 - agathos
(4 times)
I. of good constitution or nature
II. useful, salutary
III. good, pleasant, agreeable, joyful, happy
IV. excellent, distinguished
V. upright, honourable
Titus 1:16 unto every good work
Titus 2:5 good,
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 3:1 to every good work
Strong's G5293 - hypotassō
(3 times)
I. to arrange under, to subordinate
II. to subject, put in subjection
III. to subject one's self, obey
IV. to submit to one's control
V. to yield to one's admonition or advice
VI. to obey, be subject
Titus 2:5 obedient to their own husbands
Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient
Titus 3:1 to be subject to principalities
Strong's G987 - blasphēmeō
(3 times)
I. to speak reproachfully, rail at, revile, calumniate, blaspheme
II. to be evil spoken of, reviled, railed at
Titus 2:5 the word of God be not blasphemed.
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man
Strong's G2570 - kalos
(5 times)
I. beautiful, handsome, excellent, eminent, choice, surpassing, precious, useful, suitable, commendable, admirable
A. beautiful to look at, shapely, magnificent
B. good, excellent in its nature and characteristics, and therefore well adapted to its ends
i. genuine, approved
ii. precious
iii. joined to names of men designated by their office, competent, able, such as one ought to be
iv. praiseworthy, noble
C. beautiful by reason of purity of heart and life, and hence praiseworthy
. morally good, noble
D. honourable, conferring honour
E. affecting the mind agreeably, comforting and confirming
Titus 2:7 a pattern of good works
Titus 2:14 zealous of good works.
Titus 3:8 be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable
Titus 3:14 learn to maintain good works
Strong's G1731 - endeiknymi
(2 times)
I. to point out
A. to show, demonstrate, prove, whether by arguments or by acts
II. to manifest, display, put forth
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 3:2 shewing all meekness
Strong's G2014 - epiphainō
(2 times)
I. to show to or upon
A. to bring to light
II. to appear, become visible
. of stars
III. to become clearly known, to show one's self
Titus 2:11 hath appeared to all men.
Titus 3:4 our Saviour toward man appeared.
Strong's G1939 - epithymia
(2 times)
I. desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lustTitus 2:12 and worldly lusts
Titus 3:3 serving divers lusts and pleasures
Strong's G5023 - tauta
(2 times)
I. theseTitus 2:15 These things speak
Titus 3:8 These things are good
Strong's G4291 - proïstēmi
(2 times)
I. to set or place before
A. to set over
B. to be over, to superintend, preside over
C. to be a protector or guardian
i. to give aid
D. to care for, give attention to
. profess honest occupations
Titus 3:8 be careful to maintain good works
Titus 3:14 also learn to maintain good works
Strong's G3544 - nomikos
(2 times)
I. pertaining to the law, one learned in the law
II. in the NT an interpreter and teacher of the Mosaic law
Titus 3:9 strivings about the law
Titus 3:13 Zenas the lawyer

Challenge Questions:

Have you ever had to exhort someone more than one time on a particular issue?

Why do you think that Paul consistently asks us to maintain good works?

 

Don’t forget to comment below! Be sure to Like and Share!

Titus 2

Titus 2 (KJV)

2 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine: 2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

Titus 2:1-2 Paul urges Titus to speak sound doctrine to them. Specifically to the aged men that they make changes to their lifestyle and personality.

3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; 4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, 5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Titus 2:3-5 Paul addresses the aged women also to practice good behavior, to change their lifestyle, and that they should teach the younger women how to live properly. Is this a common practice at your church?

6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

Titus 2:6 Paul summarizes his admonition to the young men by requesting that they do the same as both the aged men and aged women as it applies to the young men.

7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity, 8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

Titus 2:7-8 If Titus is to exhort others, he himself needs to have high standards. In this way, no person will have something bad to say about him. According to the other Scriptures concerning Titus, I would expect that these recommendations won’t be hard from him.

SERVANTS

9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again; 10 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Titus 2:9-10 Paul tells Titus to also exhort servants so that they will be good examples as well.

MOTIVATION

11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men, 12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; 13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; 14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Titus 2:11-14 Paul here summarizes everything he has said and reiterates it because we are a saved people. Saved people have a changed lifestyle for the better. We also look for the Second coming of Christ who has redeemed us. Compare this table which compares a few of the groups that Paul listed.

Aged MenAged WomenYoung WomenMessianic Believers
SoberHoliness BehaviorSoberDeny Ungodliness and Worldly Lusts
GraveNot False AccuserLove Your HusbandLive Soberly
TemperateNot Given to Much WineLove Your ChildrenLive Righteously
Sound in FaithTeacher of Good ThingsBe DiscreetLive Godly
Sound in CharityBe ChasteZealous of Good Works
Sound in PatienceBe a Keeper at Home
Be Good
Obedient to Your Husband

15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

Titus 2:15 Paul tells Titus that these are the commendable things he is to speak, exhort, and rebuke with authority and to not let any man despise him because of it. This is great advice since when a person does do this, they are susceptible to ridicule and judgment.

Strong’s # and TransliterationStrong’s DefinitionUse of this word in TItus
Strong's G1401 – doulos
(2 times)
I. a slave, bondman, man of servile condition
A. a slave
B. metaph., one who gives himself up to another's will those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men
C. devoted to another to the disregard of one's own interests
II. a servant, attendant
Titus 1:1 Paul a servant of God
Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient
Strong's G2316 – theos
(12 times)
I. a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities
II. the Godhead, trinity
A. God the Father, the first person in the trinity
B. Christ, the second person of the trinity
C. Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity
III. spoken of the only and true God
. refers to the things of God
A. his counsels, interests, things due to him
IV. whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resemble him in any way
. God's representative or viceregent
i. of magistrates and judges
Titus 1:1 servant of God…faith of God’s elect
Titus 1:2 which God that cannot lie
Titus 1:3 commandment of God
Titus 1:4 from God the Father
Titus 1:7 the steward of God
Titus 1:16 profess that they know God
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:10 the doctrine of God
Titus 2:11 grace of God
Titus 2:13 glorious appearing of the great God
Titus 3:4 love of God
Titus 3:8 believed in God
Strong's G2424 – Iēsous
(4 times)
I. Jesus = "Jehovah is salvation"
A. Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour of mankind, God incarnate
B. Jesus Barabbas was the captive robber whom the Jews begged Pilate to release instead of Christ
C. Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses' successor (Ac. 7:45, Heb. 4:8)
D. Jesus, son of Eliezer, one of the ancestors of Christ (Lu. 3:29)
E. Jesus, surnamed Justus, a Jewish Christian, an associate with Paul in the preaching of the gospel (Col. 4:11)
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G5547 – Christos
(4 times)
I. Christ = "anointed"
A. Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God
B. anointed
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 through Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G4102 – pistis
(6 times)
A. relating to God
i. the conviction that God exists and is the creator and ruler of all things, the provider and bestower of eternal salvation through Christ
B. relating to Christ
. a strong and welcome conviction or belief that Jesus is the Messiah, through whom we obtain eternal salvation in the kingdom of God
C. the religious beliefs of Christians
D. belief with the predominate idea of trust (or confidence) whether in God or in Christ, springing from faith in the same
II. fidelity, faithfulness
. the character of one who can be relied on
Titus 1:13 sound in the faith
Titus 2:2 sound in faith
Titus 2:10 showing all good fidelity
Titus 3:15 love us in the faith
Strong's G1680 – elpis
(3 times)
I. expectation of evil, fear
II. expectation of good, hope
A. in the Christian sense
i. joyful and confident expectation of eternal salvation
III. on hope, in hope, having hope
. the author of hope, or he who is its foundation
A. the thing hoped for
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life
Titus 2:13 that blessed hope
Titus 3:7 according to the hope of eternal life
Strong's G3056 – logos
(5 times)
I. of speech
A. a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea
B. what someone has said
i. a word
ii. the sayings of God
iii. decree, mandate or order
iv. of the moral precepts given by God
v. Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets
vi. what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim
C. discourse
. the act of speaking, speech
i. the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking
ii. a kind or style of speaking
iii. a continuous speaking discourse - instruction
D. doctrine, teaching
E. anything reported in speech; a narration, narrative
F. matter under discussion, thing spoken of, affair, a matter in dispute, case, suit at law
G. the thing spoken of or talked about; event, deed
II. its use as respect to the MIND alone
. reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating
A. account, i.e. regard, consideration
B. account, i.e. reckoning, score
C. account, i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment
D. relation, i.e. with whom as judge we stand in relation
. reason would
E. reason, cause, ground
III. In John, denotes the essential Word of God, Jesus Christ, the personal wisdom and power in union with God, his minister in creation and government of the universe, the cause of all the world's life both physical and ethical, which for the procurement of man's salvation put on human nature in the person of Jesus the Messiah, the second person in the Godhead, and shone forth conspicuously from His words and deeds.
Titus 1:3 manifested his word through preaching
Titus 1:9 the faithful word
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:8 Sound speech
Titus 3:8 a faithful saying
Strong's G2003 - epitagē
(2 times)
I. an injunction, mandate, commandTitus 1:3 the commandment of God
Titus 2:15 rebuke with all authority
Strong's G4990 - sōtēr
(6 times)
saviour, deliverer, preserverTitus 1:3 our Saviour
Titus 1:4 our Saviour
Titus 2:10 our Saviour in all things
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:4 our Saviour
Titus 3:6 our Saviour
Strong's G5485 - charis
(4 times)
I. grace
A. that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
II. good will, loving-kindness, favour
. of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues
III. what is due to grace
. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace
A. the token or proof of grace, benefit
i. a gift of grace
ii. benefit, bounty
IV. thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 2:11 the grace of God
Titus 3:7 justified by his grace
Titus 3:15 Grace be with you all
Strong's G435 - anēr
(2 times)
I. with reference to sex
A. of a male
B. of a husband
C. of a betrothed or future husband
II. with reference to age, and to distinguish an adult man from a boy
III. any male
IV. used generically of a group of both men and women
Titus 1:6 the husband of one wife
Titus 2:5 obedient to their own husbands
Strong's G4998 - sōphrōn
(3 times)
I. of a sound mind, sane, in one's senses
II. curbing one's desires and impulses, self-controlled, temperate
Titus 1:8 sober
Titus 2:2 temperate
Titus 2:5 To be discreet
Strong's G5198 - hygiainō
(4 times)
I. to be sound, to be well, to be in good health
II. metaph.
A. of Christians whose opinions are free from any mixture of error
B. of one who keeps the graces and is strong
Titus 1:9 by sound doctrine
Titus 1:13 sound in the faith
Titus 2:1 which become sound doctrine
Titus 2:2 sound in the faith
Strong's G1319 - didaskalia
(4 times)
I. teaching, instruction
II. teaching
A. that which is taught, doctrine
B. teachings, precepts
Titus 1:9 by sound doctrine
Titus 2:1 become sound doctrine
Titus 2:7 in doctrine shewing uncorruptness
Titus 2:10 adorn the doctrine of God
Strong's G3870 - parakaleō
(3 times)
I. to call to one's side, call for, summon
II. to address, speak to, (call to, call upon), which may be done in the way of exhortation, entreaty, comfort, instruction, etc.
A. to admonish, exhort
B. to beg, entreat, beseech
i. to strive to appease by entreaty
C. to console, to encourage and strengthen by consolation, to comfort
. to receive consolation, be comforted
D. to encourage, strengthen
E. exhorting and comforting and encouraging
F. to instruct, teach
Titus 1:9 to exhort
Titus 2:6 likewise exhort
Titus 2:15 and exhort
Strong's G1651 - elegchō
(3 times)
I. to convict, refute, confute
A. generally with a suggestion of shame of the person convicted
B. by conviction to bring to the light, to expose
II. to find fault with, correct
. by word
i. to reprehend severely, chide, admonish, reprove
ii. to call to account, show one his fault, demand an explanation
A. by deed
. to chasten, to punish
Titus 1:9 to convince the gainsayers
Titus 1:13 Wherefore rebuke them sharply
Titus 2:15 and rebuke with all authority
Strong's G483 - antilegō
(2 times)
I. to speak against, gainsay, contradict
II. to oppose one's self to one, decline to obey him, declare one's self against him, refuse to have anything to do with him
Titus 1:9 to convince the gainsayers
Titus 2:9 not answering again
Strong's G3956 - pas
(14 times)
I. individually
A. each, every, any, all, the whole, everyone, all things, everything
II. collectively
. some of all types
Titus 1:15 all things are pure
Titus 1:16 unto every good work
Titus 2:7 In all things
Titus 2:9 please them well in all things
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 2:11 hath appeared unto all men
Titus 2:14 redeem us from all iniquity
Titus 2:15 rebuke will all authority
Titus 3:1 to be ready to every good work.
Titus 3:2 shewing all meekness unto all men.
Titus 3:15 All that are with me…Grace be with you all.
Strong's G2041 - ergon
(7 times)
I. business, employment, that which any one is occupied
A. that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking
II. any product whatever, any thing accomplished by hand, art, industry, or mind
III. an act, deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasised in opp. to that which is less than work
Titus 1:16 but in works they deny him…every good work
Titus 2:7 a pattern or good works
Titus 2:14 zealous of good works
Titus 3:1 ready to every good work
Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness
Titus 3:8 be careful to maintain good works
Titus 3:14 to maintain good works
Strong's G720 - arneomai
(2 times)
I. to deny
II. to deny someone
A. to deny one's self
i. to disregard his own interests or to prove false to himself
ii. act entirely unlike himself
III. to deny, abnegate, abjure
IV. not to accept, to reject, to refuse something offered
Titus 1:16 they deny him
Titus 2:12 denying ungodliness
Strong's G18 - agathos
(4 times)
I. of good constitution or nature
II. useful, salutary
III. good, pleasant, agreeable, joyful, happy
IV. excellent, distinguished
V. upright, honourable
Titus 1:16 unto every good work
Titus 2:5 good,
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 3:1 to every good work
Strong's G3501 - neos
(2 times)
I. recently born, young, youthful
II. new
Titus 2:4 the young women
Titus 2:6 young men
Strong's G5293 - hypotassō
(3 times)
I. to arrange under, to subordinate
II. to subject, put in subjection
III. to subject one's self, obey
IV. to submit to one's control
V. to yield to one's admonition or advice
VI. to obey, be subject
Titus 2:5 obedient to their own husbands
Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient
Titus 3:1 to be subject to principalities
Strong's G987 - blasphēmeō
(3 times)
I. to speak reproachfully, rail at, revile, calumniate, blaspheme
II. to be evil spoken of, reviled, railed at
Titus 2:5 the word of God be not blasphemed.
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man
Strong's G2570 - kalos
(5 times)
I. beautiful, handsome, excellent, eminent, choice, surpassing, precious, useful, suitable, commendable, admirable
A. beautiful to look at, shapely, magnificent
B. good, excellent in its nature and characteristics, and therefore well adapted to its ends
i. genuine, approved
ii. precious
iii. joined to names of men designated by their office, competent, able, such as one ought to be
iv. praiseworthy, noble
C. beautiful by reason of purity of heart and life, and hence praiseworthy
. morally good, noble
D. honourable, conferring honour
E. affecting the mind agreeably, comforting and confirming
Titus 2:7 a pattern of good works
Titus 2:14 zealous of good works.
Titus 3:8 be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable
Titus 3:14 learn to maintain good works
Strong's G1731 - endeiknymi
(2 times)
I. to point out
A. to show, demonstrate, prove, whether by arguments or by acts
II. to manifest, display, put forth
Titus 2:10 but shewing all good fidelity
Titus 3:2 shewing all meekness
Strong's G2014 - epiphainō
(2 times)
I. to show to or upon
A. to bring to light
II. to appear, become visible
. of stars
III. to become clearly known, to show one's self
Titus 2:11 hath appeared to all men.
Titus 3:4 our Saviour toward man appeared.
Strong's G1939 - epithymia
(2 times)
I. desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lustTitus 2:12 and worldly lusts
Titus 3:3 serving divers lusts and pleasures
Strong's G5023 - tauta
(2 times)
I. theseTitus 2:15 These things speak
Titus 3:8 These things are good

Challenge Questions:

Where do you fit in Paul’s groups that he listed? Are you following the advice he gives?

What does Paul mean when he says, ‘sound doctrine?’

In the table provided, which characteristic is in all four groups? What else is interesting about this table?

 

Titus 1

Titus 1 (KJV)

INTRODUCTION

1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness; 2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; 3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour; 4 To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.

Titus 1:1-4 These four verses are the introduction to the letter. The author is Paul and the audience is Titus. He says that he acknowledges the truth which is after godliness and in eternal life. Why is he making this statement? Paul mentions that the word of God has been manifested to him through preaching. Paul considers Titus to be his own son after the common faith which probably is a reference to Paul being instrumental in Titus believing in Christ.

REASON FOR THE LETTER

5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee: 6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.

Titus 1:4-6 Paul knew Titus beforehand and decided that Titus should stay in Crete to straighten things out and to ordain elders in each of the cities. Crete is a small island with about a dozen large cities. These elders needed to be blameless, not polygamists, and having obedient children.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GOOD AND BAD BISHOPS

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7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre; 8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate; 9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

Titus 1:7-9 These elders were to be the bishops in those cities. Bishops have requirements. There are things they are not supposed to do and things they are supposed to do. One of the main reasons why they are bishops is to be able to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. Please reference the Titus 1 concordance at the end of this study for word definitions.

10 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: 11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre’s sake.

Titus 1:10-11 Paul elaborates on what a gainsayer is and then says that some of the ones of the circumcision, i.e. the Jews, are also gainsayers. Paul is very vehement about having these people stop teaching things they aren’t supposed to be teaching and gaining money from it. Can you think of anyone in our modern time who is like this?

12 One of themselves, even a prophet of their own, said, the Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.

Titus 1:12 Paul says that one of the natives of Crete who is a prophet even says how bad the Cretians are. This prophet is Epimenides.

13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith; 14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.

Titus 1:13-14 Paul believes what the prophet says about the Cretians. He urges Titus to rebuke the ones of the circumcision(Jews) so that they will be sound in the faith. Apparently, there are some Jewish fables and commandments of men that are turning people from the truth. These issues need to be addressed and dealt with.

15 Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. 16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

Titus 1:15 Paul says that to the pure all things are pure and to the unpure, nothing is pure. These unpure are not believers who hav their mind and conscience defiled. What’s worse, is that they profess to know God and yet deny God in their works. Even their good works are reprobate. Do you know someone like this?

Strong’s # and TransliterationStrong’s DefinitionUse of this word in TItus
Strong's G1401 – doulos
(2 times)
I. a slave, bondman, man of servile condition
A. a slave
B. metaph., one who gives himself up to another's will those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men
C. devoted to another to the disregard of one's own interests
II. a servant, attendant
Titus 1:1 Paul a servant of God
Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient
Strong's G2316 – theos
(12 times)
I. a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities
II. the Godhead, trinity
A. God the Father, the first person in the trinity
B. Christ, the second person of the trinity
C. Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity
III. spoken of the only and true God
. refers to the things of God
A. his counsels, interests, things due to him
IV. whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resemble him in any way
. God's representative or viceregent
i. of magistrates and judges
Titus 1:1 servant of God…faith of God’s elect
Titus 1:2 which God that cannot lie
Titus 1:3 commandment of God
Titus 1:4 from God the Father
Titus 1:7 the steward of God
Titus 1:16 profess that they know God
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:10 the doctrine of God
Titus 2:11 grace of God
Titus 2:13 glorious appearing of the great God
Titus 3:4 love of God
Titus 3:8 believed in God
Strong's G2424 – Iēsous
(4 times)
I. Jesus = "Jehovah is salvation"
A. Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour of mankind, God incarnate
B. Jesus Barabbas was the captive robber whom the Jews begged Pilate to release instead of Christ
C. Joshua was the famous captain of the Israelites, Moses' successor (Ac. 7:45, Heb. 4:8)
D. Jesus, son of Eliezer, one of the ancestors of Christ (Lu. 3:29)
E. Jesus, surnamed Justus, a Jewish Christian, an associate with Paul in the preaching of the gospel (Col. 4:11)
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G5547 – Christos
(4 times)
I. Christ = "anointed"
A. Christ was the Messiah, the Son of God
B. anointed
Titus 1:1 of Jesus Christ
Titus 1:4 the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:6 through Jesus Christ our Saviour
Strong's G4102 – pistis
(6 times)
I. conviction of the truth of anything, belief; in the NT of a conviction or belief respecting man's relationship to God and divine things, generally with the included idea of trust and holy fervour born of faith and joined with itTitus 1:1 faith of God’s Elect
Titus 1:4 after the common faith
Strong's G225 – alētheia
(2 times)
I. objectively
A. what is true in any matter under consideration
i. truly, in truth, according to truth
ii. of a truth, in reality, in fact, certainly
B. what is true in things appertaining to God and the duties of man, moral and religious truth
. in the greatest latitude
i. the true notions of God which are open to human reason without his supernatural intervention
C. the truth as taught in the Christian religion, respecting God and the execution of his purposes through Christ, and respecting the duties of man, opposing alike to the superstitions of the Gentiles and the inventions of the Jews, and the corrupt opinions and precepts of false teachers even among Christians
II. subjectively
. truth as a personal excellence
. that candour of mind which is free from affection, pretence, simulation, falsehood, deceit
Titus 1:1 acknowledging of the truth
Titus 1:14 that turn from the truth
Strong's G1680 – elpis
(3 times)
I. expectation of evil, fear
II. expectation of good, hope
A. in the Christian sense
i. joyful and confident expectation of eternal salvation
III. on hope, in hope, having hope
. the author of hope, or he who is its foundation
A. the thing hoped for
Titus 1:2 In hope of eternal life
Titus 2:13 that blessed hope
Titus 3:7 according to the hope of eternal life
Strong's G166 – aiōnios
(3 times)
I. without beginning and end, that which always has been and always will be
II. without beginning
III. without end, never to cease, everlasting
Titus 1:2 hope of eternal life…before the world began
Titus 3:7 hope of eternal life
Strong's G2222 – zōē
(2 times)
I. life
A. the state of one who is possessed of vitality or is animate
B. every living soul
II. life
. of the absolute fulness of life, both essential and ethical, which belongs to God, and through him both to the hypostatic "logos" and to Christ in whom the "logos" put on human nature
A. life real and genuine, a life active and vigorous, devoted to God, blessed, in the portion even in this world of those who put their trust in Christ, but after the resurrection to be consummated by new accessions (among them a more perfect body), and to last for ever.
Titus 1:2 hope of eternal life
Titus 3:7 hope of eternal life
Strong's G3056 – logos
(5 times)
I. of speech
A. a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea
B. what someone has said
i. a word
ii. the sayings of God
iii. decree, mandate or order
iv. of the moral precepts given by God
v. Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets
vi. what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim
C. discourse
. the act of speaking, speech
i. the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking
ii. a kind or style of speaking
iii. a continuous speaking discourse - instruction
D. doctrine, teaching
E. anything reported in speech; a narration, narrative
F. matter under discussion, thing spoken of, affair, a matter in dispute, case, suit at law
G. the thing spoken of or talked about; event, deed
II. its use as respect to the MIND alone
. reason, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating
A. account, i.e. regard, consideration
B. account, i.e. reckoning, score
C. account, i.e. answer or explanation in reference to judgment
D. relation, i.e. with whom as judge we stand in relation
. reason would
E. reason, cause, ground
III. In John, denotes the essential Word of God, Jesus Christ, the personal wisdom and power in union with God, his minister in creation and government of the universe, the cause of all the world's life both physical and ethical, which for the procurement of man's salvation put on human nature in the person of Jesus the Messiah, the second person in the Godhead, and shone forth conspicuously from His words and deeds.
Titus 1:3 manifested his word through preaching
Titus 1:9 the faithful word
Titus 2:5 the word of God
Titus 2:8 Sound speech
Titus 3:8 a faithful saying
Strong's G4100 – pisteuō
(2 times)
I. to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in
A. of the thing believed
i. to credit, have confidence
B. in a moral or religious reference
. used in the NT of the conviction and trust to which a man is impelled by a certain inner and higher prerogative and law of soul
i. to trust in Jesus or God as able to aid either in obtaining or in doing something: saving faith
ii. mere acknowledgment of some fact or event: intellectual faith
II. to entrust a thing to one, i.e. his fidelity
. to be intrusted with a thing
Titus 1:3 which is committed unto me
Titus 3:8 they which have believed in God
Strong's G2003 - epitagē
(2 times)
I. an injunction, mandate, commandTitus 1:3 the commandment of God
Titus 2:15 rebuke with all authority
Strong's G4990 - sōtēr
(6 times)
saviour, deliverer, preserverTitus 1:3 our Saviour
Titus 1:4 our Saviour
Titus 2:10 our Saviour in all things
Titus 2:13 our Saviour Jesus Christ
Titus 3:4 our Saviour
Titus 3:6 our Saviour
Strong's G5043 - teknon
(2 times)
I. offspring, children
A. child
i. a male child, a son
B. metaph.
. the name transferred to that intimate and reciprocal relationship formed between men by the bonds of love, friendship, trust, just as between parents and children
i. in affectionate address, such as patrons, helpers, teachers and the like employ: my child
ii. in the NT, pupils or disciples are called children of their teachers, because the latter by their instruction nourish the minds of their pupils and mould their characters
iii. children of God: in the OT of "the people of Israel" as especially dear to God, in the NT, in Paul's writings, all who are led by the Spirit of God and thus closely related to God
iv. children of the devil: those who in thought and action are prompted by the devil, and so reflect his character
C. metaph.
. of anything who depends upon it, is possessed by a desire or affection for it, is addicted to it
i. one who is liable to any fate
a. thus children of a city: it citizens and inhabitants
ii. the votaries of wisdom, those souls who have, as it were, been nurtured and moulded by wisdom
iii. cursed children, exposed to a curse and doomed to God's wrath or penalty
Titus 1:4 mine own son
Titus 1:6 having faithful children
Strong's G5485 - charis
(4 times)
I. grace
A. that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
II. good will, loving-kindness, favour
. of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues
III. what is due to grace
. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace
A. the token or proof of grace, benefit
i. a gift of grace
ii. benefit, bounty
IV. thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 2:11 the grace of God
Titus 3:7 justified by his grace
Titus 3:15 Grace be with you all
Strong's G1656 - eleos
(2 times)
I. mercy: kindness or good will towards the miserable and the afflicted, joined with a desire to help them
A. of men towards men: to exercise the virtue of mercy, show one's self merciful
B. of God towards men: in general providence; the mercy and clemency of God in providing and offering to men salvation by Christ
C. the mercy of Christ, whereby at his return to judgment he will bless true Christians with eternal life
Titus 1:4 Grace, mercy, and peace
Titus 3:5 according to his mercy he saved us
Strong's G5484 - charin
(3 times)
I. in favour of, for the pleasure of
II. for, for the sake of
III. on this account, for this cause
Titus 1:5 For this cause
Titus 1:11 for filthy lucre’s sake
Strong's G3007 - leipō
(2 times)
I. to leave, leave behind, forsake, to be left behind
A. to lag, be inferior
B. to be destitute of, to lack
II. to be wanting, to fail
Titus 1:5 the things that are wanting
Titus 3:13 that nothing be wanting unto them
Strong's G410 - anegklētos
(2 times)
I. that cannot be called into to account, unreproveable, unaccused, blamelessTitus 1:6 If any be blameless
Titus 1:7 a bishop must be blameless
Strong's G435 - anēr
(2 times)
I. with reference to sex
A. of a male
B. of a husband
C. of a betrothed or future husband
II. with reference to age, and to distinguish an adult man from a boy
III. any male
IV. used generically of a group of both men and women
Titus 1:6 the husband of one wife
Titus 2:5 obedient to their own husbands
Strong's G4103 - pistos
(3 times)
I. trusty, faithful
A. of persons who show themselves faithful in the transaction of business, the execution of commands, or the discharge of official duties
B. one who kept his plighted faith, worthy of trust
C. that can be relied on
II. easily persuaded
. believing, confiding, trusting
A. in the NT one who trusts in God's promises
i. one who is convinced that Jesus has been raised from the dead
ii. one who has become convinced that Jesus is the Messiah and author of salvation
Titus 1:6 having faithful children
Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word
Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying
Strong's G506 - anypotaktos
(2 times)
I. not made subject, unsubjected
II. that cannot be subjected to control, disobedient, unruly, refractory
Titus 1:6 or unruly
Titus 1:10 there are many unruly
Strong's G4998 - sōphrōn
(3 times)
I. of a sound mind, sane, in one's senses
II. curbing one's desires and impulses, self-controlled, temperate
Titus 1:8 sober
Titus 2:2 temperate
Titus 2:5 To be discreet
Strong's G5198 - hygiainō
(4 times)
I. to be sound, to be well, to be in good health
II. metaph.
A. of Christians whose opinions are free from any mixture of error
B. of one who keeps the graces and is strong
Titus 1:9 by sound doctrine
Titus 1:13 sound in the faith
Titus 2:1 which become sound doctrine

Challenge Questions:

After Titus went to Crete, what were the results? Has it made an impact on us today?
How would you ‘rebuke them sharply’ if you were Titus?
How should we react to people who claim to be believers but are only in it for the money or who have no good works to show? Are there people like this in your church?

Leave your comments below and don’t forget to Like and Share!

Who is Titus?

2 Corinthians 2:12-14 (KJV)

12 Furthermore, when I came to Troas to preach Christ’s gospel, and a door was opened unto me of the Lord, 13 I had no rest in my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went from thence into Macedonia.

Titus was sought after by Paul in Troas but he wasn’t found there.

2 Corinthians 7:5-7 (KJV)

For, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without were fightings, within were fears. Nevertheless God, that comforteth those that are cast down, comforted us by the coming of Titus; And not by his coming only, but by the consolation wherewith he was comforted in you, when he told us your earnest desire, your mourning, your fervent mind toward me; so that I rejoiced the more.

2 Corinthians 7:13-15 (KJV)

13 Therefore we were comforted in your comfort: yea, and exceedingly the more joyed we for the joy of Titus, because his spirit was refreshed by you all. 14 For if I have boasted any thing to him of you, I am not ashamed; but as we spake all things to you in truth, even so our boasting, which I made before Titus, is found a truth. 15 And his inward affection is more abundant toward you, whilst he remembereth the obedience of you all, how with fear and trembling ye received him.

Titus came to Paul in Macedonia therefore comforting him. Titus also spoke of the Corinthian people and how much they admired Paul. Titus’ spirit was refreshed because of the Corinthians. Titus loves the Corinthians and how they received him.

2 Corinthians 8:6 (KJV)

Insomuch that we desired Titus, that as he had begun, so he would also finish in you the same grace also.

Titus was requested from the Macedonians to be in company with Paul.

2 Corinthians 8:16-23 (KJV)

16 But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart of Titus for you. 17 For indeed he accepted the exhortation; but being more forward, of his own accord he went unto you. 18 And we have sent with him the brother, whose praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches; 19 And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches to travel with us with this grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the same Lord, and declaration of your ready mind: 20 Avoiding this, that no man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by us: 21 Providing for honest things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men. 22 And we have sent with them our brother, whom we have oftentimes proved diligent in many things, but now much more diligent, upon the great confidence which I have in you. 23 Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ.

Titus accepted exhortation and went with the Corinthians. Titus is praised throughout all the churches and was chosen as a traveler with Paul. Titus has been proved diligent in many things. Titus is a partner and fellowhelper to Paul to the Corinthians.

2 Corinthians 12:17-18 (KJV)

17 Did I make a gain of you by any of them whom I sent unto you? 18 I desired Titus, and with him I sent a brother. Did Titus make a gain of you? walked we not in the same spirit? walked we not in the same steps?

Paul says that Titus nor himself made a gain from the Corinthians. This is probably why Titus was chosen to go to Crete.

Galatians 2:1-3 (KJV)

Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also. And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain. But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:

Titus was with Paul at the counsel of Jerusalem but wasn’t compelled to be circumcised, even though he is a Greek. Isn’t this an odd Scripture? Why wasn’t Titus compelled to be circumcised?

2 Timothy 4:9-11 (KJV)

Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

DalmatiaPaul is telling Timothy to come quickly to him since Demas has forsaken him, Crescens is in Galatia, and Titus is in Dalmatia.

Titus was a wonderful believer in God. He comforted Paul, encouraged others, was popular by request among the churches, accepts constructive criticism, is intentional about performing good works, and became the Bishop over the churches on the island of Crete. With this information, now, we’re ready to study the letter Paul wrote to him. 

Article for reference: https://www.lillenas.com/vcmedia/2414/2414925.pdf

Here is a chart that breaks down the book into sections:

Titus Chart