Apostles

Ephesians 4:11-16 (KJV)

11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;  12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:  13 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:  14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;  15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:  16 From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

Strong’s G652 – apostolos 

ἀπόστολος

  1. a delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders

    1. specifically applied to the twelve apostles of Christ

    2. in a broader sense applied to other eminent Christian teachers

      1. of Barnabas

      2. of Timothy and Silvanus

The KJV translates Strongs G652 in the following manner: apostle (78x), messenger (2x), he that is sent (1x)

An apostle is one that is sent forth. In this passage, Jesus is sending forth his disciples to the lost sheep of the house of Israel and goes into detail as to what will happen and how they should handle themselves.

Matthew 10 (KJV)

1And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.   Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;  Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;  Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.  These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not:  But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.  And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.  Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.  Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses,  10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.  11 And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go thence.  12 And when ye come into an house, salute it.  13 And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.  14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.  15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.  16  Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.  17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;  18 And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles.  19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.  20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.   21 And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.  22 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.  23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.  24 The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord.  25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?  26 Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known.  27  What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.  28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.   29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.  30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.  31 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows.  32  Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.  33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.   34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.  35 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.  36 And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household.  37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.  38 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.  39 He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it.  40 He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.  41 He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet’s reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward.  42 And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.

Mark 3:13-19 (KJV)

13 And he goeth up into a mountain, and calleth unto him whom he would: and they came unto him.  14 And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach,  15 And to have power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils:  16 And Simon he surnamed Peter;  17 And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder:  18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,  19 And Judas Iscariot, which also betrayed him: and they went into an house.

Luke 6:13-16 (KJV)

13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;  14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,  15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,  16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

  1. Simon(Peter)
  2. Andrew(Brother to Peter)
  3. James(son of Zebedee)(Boanerges-son of thunder)
  4. John(son of Zebedee)(Boanerges-son of thunder)
  5. Philip
  6. Bartholomew
  7. Thomas
  8. Matthew(the publican)
  9. James(son of Alphaeus)
  10. Lebbaeus(Thaddaeus)(Judas)
  11. Simon(the Canaanite)(Zelotes)
  12. Judas Iscariot

Acts 1:21-26 (KJV)

21 Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,  22  Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.  23 And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.  24 And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,  25  That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.  26 And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.

After Judas died, the apostles felt it necessary to replace him with someone who was with them from the beginning of Jesus’ ministry. They appointed two and prayed to God about it. The lot fell on Matthias who became the new 12th apostle. Of course, there was no way to keep this 12-apostle group going because eventually all witnesses of Jesus would die out.

Acts 2:37-47 (KJV)

37  Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?  38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.  39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.  40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.  41  Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.  42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.  43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles.   44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common;  45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.  46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,  47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.

Here we see the apostles preaching, evangelizing, testifying, exhorting, baptizing, had a true doctrine, performed signs and wonders, and made fellowship with the new believers.

Acts 5:12-32 (KJV)

12 And by the hands of the apostles were many signs and wonders wrought among the people;(and they were all with one accord in Solomon’s porch.  13 And of the rest durst no man join himself to them: but the people magnified them.  14  And believers were the more added to the Lord, multitudes both of men and women.)  15 Insomuch that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and couches, that at the least the shadow of Peter passing by might overshadow some of them.  16 There came also a multitude out of the cities round about unto Jerusalem, bringing sick folks, and them which were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed every one.  17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,  18 And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison.  19 But the angel of the Lord by night opened the prison doors, and brought them forth, and said,  20 Go, stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life.  21 And when they heard that, they entered into the temple early in the morning, and taught. But the high priest came, and they that were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought.  22 But when the officers came, and found them not in the prison, they returned and told,  23 Saying, The prison truly found we shut with all safety, and the keepers standing without before the doors: but when we had opened, we found no man within.  24 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things, they doubted of them whereunto this would grow. 25 Then came one and told them, saying, Behold, the men whom ye put in prison are standing in the temple, and teaching the people.  26 Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence: for they feared the people, lest they should have been stoned.  27 And when they had brought them, they set them before the council: and the high priest asked them,  28 Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man’s blood upon us.  29 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.  30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.  31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.  32 And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him.

Again we see the apostles performing many signs and wonders, healing the people, teaching, preaching, and being fully obedient to God.

Acts 15:1-6 (KJV)

1And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.  When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.  And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through Phenice and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the brethren.  And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them.  But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.  And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter.

The apostles were elders that were sought after for their advice on tough Biblical questions.

We know that Paul was also an apostle, even though he wasn’t among the original 12 who was with Jesus during His 3 1/2 year ministry. We see this referenced in his letters such as Rom 1:1, 11:13, 1 Cor 1:1, 2 Cor 1:1, Gal 1:1, Eph 1:1, Col 1:1, 1 Tim 1:1, 2:7, 2 Tim 1:1,11, and Titus 1:1. Peter also referenced himself as an apostle in his letters in 1 Pet 1:1 and 2 Pet 1:1.

1 Corinthians 4:9-16 (KJV)

For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.  10 We are fools for Christ’s sake, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye are honourable, but we are despised.  11 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwellingplace;  12 And labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it:  13 Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day.  14 I write not these things to shame you, but as my beloved sons I warn you.  15 For though ye have ten thousand instructers in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel.  16  Wherefore I beseech you, be ye followers of me.

Paul says that the apostles were set forth last. This is because before Jesus came along, there were no apostles. These apostles have a unique job that has never been done before. This is why they are a spectacle(or theater) to the worlds, angels, and men. Paul goes out of his way to show how demanding the job of apostleship is. Paul urges the Corinthian saints to be like him and follow his example in Christ.

1 Corinthians 9:1-14 (KJV)

1Am I am not an apostle? am I not free? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord?  If I be not an apostle unto others, yet doubtless I am to you: for the seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord.  Mine answer to them that do examine me is this,  Have we not power to eat and to drink?   Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles,and as the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?  Or I only and Barnabas, have not we power to forbear working?  Who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?  Say I these things as a man? or saith not the law the same also?  For it is written in the law of Moses, thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen?  10 Or saith he it altogether for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, this is written: that he that ploweth should plow in hope; and that he that thresheth in hope should be partaker of his hope.  11  If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things?  12 If others be partakers of this power over you, are not we rather? Nevertheless we have not used this power; but suffer all things, lest we should hinder the gospel of Christ.  13 Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple? and they which wait at the altar are partakers with the altar?  14 Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.

Paul says that to seal his apostleship, he must make apostles. These apostles even include women. Also, he tells us that apostles who minister in spiritual things should be compensated with physical things.

1 Corinthians 12:27-31 (KJV)

27 Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.  28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles,secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.  29  Are all apostles?are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles?  30 Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret?  31  But covet earnestly the best gifts:and yet shew I unto you a more excellent way.

It is God who sets apostles in a church but not everyone is an apostle.

2 Corinthians 11:4-15 (KJV)

For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.  For I suppose I was not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.  But though I be rude in speech, yet not in knowledge; but we have been throughly made manifest among you in all things.  Have I committed an offence in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I have preached to you the gospel of God freely?  I robbed other churches, taking wages of them, to do you service.  And when I was present with you, and wanted, I was chargeable to no man: for that which was lacking to me the brethren which came from Macedonia supplied: and in all things I have kept myself from being burdensome unto you, and so will I keep myself.  10 As the truth of Christ is in me, no man shall stop me of this boasting in the regions of Achaia.  11 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth.  12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them which desire occasion; that wherein they glory, they may be found even as we.  13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ.   14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.  15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.

Paul considers himself less than the other apostles. He also tells us that there are false apostles. If there were only 12 original apostles and then Paul, there would be no reason to warn about false apostles because everybody knows who these 13 are. But since there were more than 13 apostles, Paul warns us to test them to make sure they are true apostles of Christ.

2 Corinthians 12:11-12 (KJV)

11 I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.  12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all patience, in signs, and wonders, and mighty deeds.

Paul again considers himself less than the other apostles which is nothing to brag about. He also says that there are signs of an apostle which include patience, signs, wonders, and mighty deeds.

Ephesians 2:18-22 (KJV)

18 For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.  19  Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;  20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;  21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:   22 In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

Paul says that once we become a Christian, we have become grafted in to be spiritual Jews. Jesus was the chief corner stone and the apostles and prophets were the foundation. We as Christians are the building that rests on this foundation.

Ephesians 3:2-6 (KJV)

If ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward:  How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words,  Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ)   Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;  That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:

Paul confirms that it wasn’t until the present day that God revealed through the apostles and prophets that the Gentiles can be grafted in to the body of Christ.

Hebrews 3:1 (KJV)

3 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;

The only time apostle is capitalized is when it is referring to Jesus, not the original 12 apostles. He is the Apostle that sends apostles.

Revelation 2:1-2 (KJV)

1Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;  I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:

Jesus says that the church of Ephesus has tried them which say they are apostles and are not. This means that there are true and false apostles. If the apostleship ended with the original 12 + Paul, then we wouldn’t have to test apostles, we would discard them altogether. But since it didn’t end, we must test each apostle to see if they are true or not.

Revelation 18:16-20 (KJV)

16 And saying, Alas, alas that great city,that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!  17  For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,  18 And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city!  19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.  20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her. 

This apostate city that is destroyed in the end times will bring rejoicing to the apostles and prophets that exist during that day because it will finally come to an end.

Revelation 21:14 (KJV)

14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

Paul mentioned in Ephesians 2:20 that the apostles were the foundation of the church. Here in Revelation we see that the original 12 apostles have the great honor of having their names in the foundation of the New Jerusalem.

In summary, apostles are people who are sent by God to do His work. This includes performing signs and wonders, teaching, preaching, evangelizing, and healing people. They give of themselves selflessly and take great joy in increasing the kingdom of God. An apostle is used for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, and for the edifying of the body of Christ. Paul warns us about false apostles. This means that it is possible for someone to become an apostle and abuse their position. In that case, we should always hold those in leadership positions to a high standards.

What did you think about this study on apostles? Send me a comment here or post a comment below.

Baptism Part 2

Matthew 28:18-20 (KJV)

18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

Mark 16:15-16 (KJV)

15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. 16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.

Jesus tells His disciples that they are to teach and preach to the nations, then baptize them, followed by additional teaching which includes obeying YHWH’s commandments. He says that if you believe and are baptized you will be saved, but if you don’t believe you won’t be saved. So there are basically three situations involved here. Jesus mentions the first and third situation and the second situation is implied. The second situation still results in salvation. This can be seen in situations like the thief on the cross who believed but wasn’t baptized.

 
Believe
Baptised
1.
No
No
2.
Yes
No
3.
Yes
Yes

Acts 1:4-5 (KJV)

And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.

Jesus talks about John’s baptism which was with water and the Holy Spirit’s baptism which John referred to as with fire. These baptisms are the same but different. Same in that they both take you from one state of being to the next, and different in that one is physically and one is spiritual. This baptism that Jesus spoke of literally occurred on the Day of Pentecost in the next chapter.

Acts 2:1-11 (KJV)

1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, 10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, 11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.

These men were celebrating the Feast of Weeks when the Holy Spirit did descend upon them with fire. They became filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking with other languages. This is evident by the various Jews who came from other countries who spoke with their native tongues. These men began speaking in other people’s native tongue without having been taught it. As we enter into the rest of the acts of the apostles, we’ll notice that there are times when the Holy Spirit indwells into individuals and they will begin speaking in tongues, or other languages. There are other times when they will not. It really just depends on the situation. The point that needs to be made here is that speaking in tongues is equivalent to speaking another language. Now let’s look at a series of Scriptures in the acts of the apostles.

Acts 2:38-41 (KJV)

38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. 40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. 41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. 42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. 43 And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. 44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common;

So Peter preaches the same form of baptism that John preached. The person is to repent from their current lifestyle, believe in Jesus Christ, and begin walking with God. That transition period is marked by the outward expression of baptism. So the prerequisites for baptism are as follows:

  • Repent of your current sinful lifestyle
  • Believe in Jesus Christ

We see this practiced in the next passage.

Acts 8:12-17 (KJV)

12 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. 13 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done. 14 Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John: 15 Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost: 16 (For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) 17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost.

Here we see Philip preaching and baptizing people. Again, we see Philip preaching the same as John who said, “Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” It’s interesting that these people did not receive the Holy Spirit at baptism. It happened later when the disciples laid their hands on them.

Acts 8:26-40 (KJV)

26 And the angel of the Lord spake unto Philip, saying, Arise, and go toward the south unto the way that goeth down from Jerusalem unto Gaza, which is desert. 27 And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship, 28 Was returning, and sitting in his chariot read Esaias the prophet. 29 Then the Spirit said unto Philip, Go near, and join thyself to this chariot. 30 And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understandest thou what thou readest? 31 And he said, How can I, except some man should guide me? And he desired Philip that he would come up and sit with him. 32 The place of the scripture which he read was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb before his shearer, so opened he not his mouth: 33 In his humiliation his judgment was taken away: and who shall declare his generation? for his life is taken from the earth. 34 And the eunuch answered Philip, and said, I pray thee, of whom speaketh the prophet this? of himself, or of some other man? 35 Then Philip opened his mouth, and began at the same scripture, and preached unto him Jesus. 36 And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized? 37 And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. 38 And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him. 39 And when they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip, that the eunuch saw him no more: and he went on his way rejoicing. 40 But Philip was found at Azotus: and passing through he preached in all the cities, till he came to Caesarea.

Here Philip uses the Old Testament to preach Jesus to the Ethiopian eunuch. This is the only text that they had to go by. We can actually do the same. Philip told him how important baptism was before telling him how to get saved. When prompted, Philip told him that he must believe and when the eunuch did, he was fully immersed in the water that was nearby.

Acts 9:17-20 (KJV)

17 And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost. 18 And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized. 19 And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus. 20 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.

This is the story of how Paul was converted. Jesus Himself came to him and told him what to do. Once he met Ananias, he received his sight, was baptized, and received the Holy Spirit. He then began preaching to others that Jesus was the Son of God.

Acts 10:34-48 (KJV)

34 Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: 35 But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him. 36 The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all: ) 37 That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; 38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him. 39 And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree: 40 Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; 41 Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. 42 And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. 43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. 44 While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. 45 And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. 46 For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter, 47 Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we? 48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.

YHWH teaches Peter a lesson concerning people who may be unclean. Just because they are, doesn’t mean that you can’t associate with them at all. Also, just because someone is unclean, doesn’t mean that it is impossible for them to be saved. Once Peter learns this, he begins preaching about how God saves us through Jesus Christ. Everyone who was there received the Holy Spirit. These Gentiles began speaking in other languages and Peter commanded that they be baptized.

Acts 16:13-15 (KJV)

13 And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither. 14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul. 15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.

Paul was sent to Macedonia through a vision and when he was there for a few days, he decided to go to a river. There he met Lydia who already worshipped God, but probably hadn’t heard about Jesus. Paul spoke to her and she and her household were compelled to be baptized. We need to remember that the prerequisites to baptism are repentance and belief in Jesus. When it says that her whole household was baptized, this would exclude anyone who couldn’t repent and believe, like babies and small children. Later on, Paul and Silas were put in prison.

Acts 16:23-34 (KJV)

23 And when they had laid many stripes upon them, they cast them into prison, charging the jailor to keep them safely: 24 Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks. 25 And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them. 26 And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one’s bands were loosed. 27 And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword, and would have killed himself, supposing that the prisoners had been fled. 28 But Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all here. 29 Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas, 30 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved? 31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. 32 And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house. 33 And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway. 34 And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house.

Even though Paul and Silas were in prison, they prayed and sang to YHWH. YHWH responded by setting them free from their cells and shackles. The jailor was about to commit suicide when Paul interrupted him. The jailor wanted to know what he must do in order to be saved. He was told just to believe and he did. Then they went to his family and they were saved too. His whole household was baptized, but again, only those who were able to repent and believe in Jesus Christ were saved and baptized.

Acts 18:7-8 (KJV)

And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man’s house, named Justus, one that worshipped God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue. And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized.

Paul later is compelled to preach to the Gentiles. He stayed at a man’s house that lived next to the local synagogue. The chief ruler of the synagogue, his household, and many other Corinthians believed Paul’s message of repentance and were baptized.

Acts 19:1-7 (KJV)

1 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost. And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John’s baptism. Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied. And all the men were about twelve.

Paul comes to Ephesus and finds 12 disciples of John the Baptist. He asked them if they had received the Holy Spirit to which they told him that they had not. Paul explained that when John was preaching and baptizing, that he spoke of Jesus Christ who would come after him and that they should follow Him. They understood and agreed, were baptized, received the Holy Spirit, and spoke in other languages while prophesying.

So to recap, there are several baptisms mentioned in the book of Acts. The people who are ready to be baptized must first repent and then believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. There are times when people received the Holy Spirit before, during, and after baptism. Sometimes people even began speaking in other languages. What needs to be noted here is that there were no babies or small children baptized, there were no instances of baptism by pouring or sprinkling, and there were no baptisms by any other means but by water. This is why Paul says in Ephesians 4:5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism.” The reason that the writer of Hebrews 6:2 can say that there is a doctrine of baptisms is because of what happens physically and what happens spiritually. Let’s now transition into Paul’s teachings on baptism.

Romans 6:1-7 (KJV)

1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein? Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. For he that is dead is freed from sin.

Paul takes the physical form of baptism and explains it in a spiritual sense. He says that when we were baptized into Jesus Christ, that we were actually baptized into his death. This makes sense because when we are fully immersed under water, we have to hold our breath. Also, it seems as if we are ‘buried’ under the water which is similar to being buried in a grave. Then when we rise up again, it seems like a resurrection has occurred and we can breathe again. This outward expression is a kind of evidence that there has been an inward change. It means that we used to be sinners and are now set free from the hold sin has on us. The curse has been broken and like Paul says, ‘henceforth we should not serve sin.’ If a person is sprinkled or poured upon, how can this analogy make sense?

Colossians 2:10-13 (KJV)

10 And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power: 11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: 12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. 13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;

Again, Paul likens baptism to the death and resurrection of Christ. When we become fully immersed in the water, we too die to ourselves and rise up with newness of life in service to Him.

So there you have it. This study on baptisms has been insightful and amazing. Depending on your background, you may have had a different view on baptism than what was presented in these two blogs. That’s okay though. This is why we as astute Bereans must look at Sola Scriptura in order to come to our doctrinal conclusions.

Did you enjoy this study? Do you have further questions? You can send me a message using the form here or post comments to the group below. Thank you for studying the Bible with me verse by verse on the topic of baptism.

Baptism Part 1

In the Old Testament, baptism was used on several occasions. There were also times when people would need to wash their hands, wash their feet, or wash their clothes, but this discussion will focus on baptism of the whole body.

The first reference to baptism is a bit obscure at first, but Paul tells us that it was a symbolic form of baptism.

Exodus 13:21-22 (KJV)

21 And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

Exodus 14:21-22 (KJV)

21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

1 Corinthians 10:1-2 (KJV)

1Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

This was basically the first time that we see baptism used. Notice that it happened after the salvation from Egypt which is the land of bondage. Paul is telling us that the children of Israel that YHWH saved were all baptized. The next baptism occurs when the children of Israel make a covenant with YHWH.

Exodus 19:1-11 (KJV)

1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount. And Moses went up unto God, and the Lord called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the Lord commanded him. And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the Lord. And the Lord said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the Lord. 10 And the Lord said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, 11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.

14 And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes.

Moses sanctified the people and had their clothes washed in response to the covenant that they made with YHWH. This marked a transition period after their salvation from Egypt.


After this event, there were several times throughout the year when a person would be ceremonially baptized. This type of baptism was used to show that a person was transferring from being unclean to clean. Each of the following baptisms took place when a person was fully immersed under water.

In Leviticus 14, we learn about the laws concerning leprosy. When a leper is declared clean, he must follow several instructions, some of which is to wash his clothes, shave his hair, and wash himself with water.

In Leviticus 15 we learn about the laws concerning a running issue or bodily discharges. A man is declared unclean if he has a running issue and everything he touches is unclean. If you were to touch something that he touched, or even touch him, you were to wash your clothes and wash yourself. This would allow you to be clean that night. If at any time there is an emission of semen, the man is to wash his clothes and himself. If a woman comes in contact with the semen, she will do the same. If a woman is on her monthly period, then she is declared unclean for seven days. If you touch her or the things she sits on, you have to wash your clothes and wash yourself.

In Leviticus 16, we read about the instructions concerning the Day of Atonement. On this day, Aaron will wash his body before putting on his priestly clothes. Then when he is finished performing his duties, he will take off his garments and leave them in the tabernacle of the congregation, and then wash himself and put his clothes back on.

In Leviticus 17, there are instructions concerning the sanctity of blood. If a person eats an animal that dies naturally or is torn by beasts, he is to wash his clothes and himself with water.

In Leviticus 22, God says that if anyone becomes unclean, he is to wash himself with water and will be unclean until the evening. Only then could he eat of the holy offerings.

In Numbers 19, God gives the laws concerning the red heifer of purification. After the priest has performed the instructions, he is to wash his clothes and himself and will be unclean until the evening. If a man becomes unclean because he touched the dead body of a person, he is to wash his clothes and wash himself.

In Deuteronomy 23, if an army goes to war and a man becomes unclean, he will wash himself with water.

So each of these laws concern baptisms after coming into covenant with YHWH. When a person needed to go through a baptism, they entered a mikvah. There are two direct references to a mikvah in the Bible.

Leviticus 11:36 (KJV)

36 Nevertheless a fountain or pit, wherein there is plenty of water, shall be clean: but that which toucheth their carcase shall be unclean.

The word plenty is translated from the word mikvah. The second is

Jeremiah 17:13 (KJV)

13 O Lord, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the Lord, the fountain of living waters.

The word translated hope is mikvah which gives us the understanding that Messiah is the cleansing mikvah, or hope, of Israel. This gives Christ a direct correlation with the baptisms of the Old Testament.

YHWH talks about a spiritual washing through the prophets. In Isaiah 1, God talks about how sinful the people were. He tells them

Isaiah 1:16-20 (KJV)

16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil; 17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. 18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the Lord: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool. 19 If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land: 20 But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.

It’s clear that the baptisms of the Old Testament were not meant to physically cleanse someone, but to rather take them from an unclean state to a clean state. The spiritual washing that YHWH speaks of here takes us from a spiritual state of uncleanness to a spiritual state of cleanness. This is what He wants anyways. If you’re dipping into a mikvah just to fulfill the law, you’ve missed the point.

So now let’s fast-forward to the New Testament with John’s Baptism. Let’s look at it through a chronological way using all four gospel accounts.

Luke 3:1-21 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
Mark 1:11 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;
Matthew 3:11 In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, Mark 1:4John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. Luke 3:3And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins;
Matthew 3:2And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
John 1:19-2219 And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou? 20 And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ. 21 And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not. Art thou that prophet? And he answered, No. 22 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself?
Matthew 3:3For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Mark 1:2-3As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Luke 3:4As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. John 1:2323 He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.
Luke 3:5-6Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth; And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.
Matthew 3:4And the same John had his raiment of camel’s hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey. Mark 1:6And John was clothed with camel’s hair, and with a girdle of a skin about his loins; and he did eat locusts and wild honey;
Matthew 3:5-6Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan, And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins. Mark 1:5And there went out unto him all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.
Matthew 3:7But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Luke 3:7Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
Matthew 3:8-9Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance: And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. Luke 3:8Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.
Matthew 3:1010 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. Luke 3:9And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
Luke 3:10-1510 And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then? 11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise. 12 Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do? 13 And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you. 14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages. 15 And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;
John 1:24-2524 And they which were sent were of the Pharisees. 25 And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet?
Matthew 3:11 11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance. but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire: Mark 1:7-8And preached, saying, There cometh one mightier than I after me, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose. I indeed have baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost. Luke 3:1616 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire: John 1:26-2726 John answered them, saying, I baptize with water: but there standeth one among you, whom ye know not; 27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose.
Matthew 3:1212 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire. Luke 3:1717 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.
Luke 3:1818 And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people.
John 1:2828 These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.
Matthew 3:1313 Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him. Mark 1:9And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan.
John 1:29-3129 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. 30 This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. 31 And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
Matthew 3:14-1514 But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? 15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him.
Matthew 3:16-1716 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: 17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Mark 1:10-1110 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: 11 And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Luke 3:21-2221 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, 22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
John 1:32-3432 And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. 33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. 34 And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.
Luke 3:2323 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age…
           

I’d like for you to notice a few things about this passage.

  • John is preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.
  • He does this in the same way the baptisms in the Torah are performed, by immersion in water.
  • When the priests and Levites came to John, they didn’t accuse him of doing something that was against the Torah, but asked him if he was the Christ who would baptize.
  • John claims to baptize with water but says that Jesus will baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire.
  • When Jesus came, John asked to be baptized by Him. But Jesus said that He must be baptized with water in order to fulfill all righteousness. Why? Hebrews 2:17 (KJV) 17 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

Jesus was baptized by immersion not for remission of sins, but in order to be like us. Also, we visually see what happens spiritually with us when we are baptized. The Father is pleased and the Holy Spirit descends. Another reason Jesus was baptized was to show His transition from a private life to a public work of ministry. This happened when He was 30 years old which is the time when a man could become a priest according to Numbers 4.

After this experience, Jesus had his disciples start baptizing people for repentance.

John 3:22-26 (KJV)

22 After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea; and there he tarried with them, and baptized. 23 And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized. 24 For John was not yet cast into prison. 25 Then there arose a question between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about purifying. 26 And they came unto John, and said unto him, Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to whom thou barest witness, behold, the same baptizeth, and all men come to him.

John 4:1-3 (KJV)

1 When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John, (Though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples,) He left Judaea, and departed again into Galilee.

Of course, John knew that he was not the Christ but was the one who prepared the way for Christ. So it didn’t bother him that Jesus’ disciples were baptizing more people. In fact, this is what he wants. In John 4, it tells us clearly that Jesus Himself never baptized anyone, but allowed His disciples to. Please continue with me in Part 2 of this teaching and we’ll begin looking at what Jesus says about baptism.

Ephesians 4

Ephesians 4 (KJV)

OUR WALK WITH GOD

1I therefore, the prisoner G1198 of the Lord, G2962 beseech G3870 you that ye walk G4043 worthy G516 of the vocation G2821 wherewith ye are called, G2564 2With all lowliness G5012 and meekness, G4236 with longsuffering, G3115 forbearing G430 one another in love; G26 3Endeavouring G4704 to keep G5083 the unity G1775 of the Spirit G4151 in the bond G4886 of peace. G1515

Ephesians 4:1-3 Paul now gives advice on how we should walk. God has called each one of us to a specific job and we should walk worthily of that vocation with all humility, meekness, patience, bearing one another, and endeavoring to keep unity.

Compare “the prisoner of the Lord” to: Acts 16:19-40, 28:17, Rom 16:7, Eph 3:1, 2 Tim 1:8, Phm 1:1,9

Compare “walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called” to: Gen 5:24, 6:9, 17:1, 48:15, Exo 16:4, 18:20, Lev 18:4, 26:3-4, Deu 5:33, 8:6, 10:12, 11:22, 13:4, 19:9, 28:9, 30:16, Jos 22:5, 1 Kings 2:3-4, 3:14, 6:12, 8:58,61, 9:4, 11:38, 2 Kings 20:3, 23:3, 2 Chr 6:14, 17:14, 34:31, Psa 15:2, 84:11, 119:1-2, 128:1, Pro 14:2, 28:18, Isa 33:15-16, 38:3, Jer 7:23, Eze 11:19-20, 20:19-20, Hos 14:9, Luke 1:5-6, Acts 9:31, 21:24, Rom 6:4, 8:1,4, Gal 5:16,25, Eph 2:10, 5:2,8, Col 2:6, 1 John 1:7, 2:6, 2 John 1:4,6, 3 John 1:3-4

Compare “Endeavouring to keep the unity” to: Gen 13:8, Psa 133:1, Pro 15:18, 17:14, Rom 13:13, Phi 2:3, Eph 4:13

BODY OF UNITY

4There is one G1520 body, G4983 and one G1520 Spirit, G4151 even as ye are called G2564 in one G3391 hope G1680 of your calling; G2821 5One G1520 Lord, G2962 one G1520 faith, G4102 one G3391 baptism, G908 6One G1520 God G2316 and Father G3962 of all, who is above G1909 all, and through G1223 all, and in you all.

Ephesians 4:4-6 The motivation we have to walk worthily is due to the fact that we have one body of Christ, one Holy Spirit, one hope of our calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, and one God. These 7 points should allow us to remain unified in our efforts because God is above us, works through us, and is inside of us. If you are wondering about the phrase “one baptism,” please see my blog entitled Baptism in the Main Studies.

Compare “one body” to: Rom 12:4-5, 1 Cor 10:17, 12:12-20, Eph 2:16, Col 3:15

Compare “one Spirit” to: 1 Cor 12:13, Eph 2:18

Compare “one Lord” to: Deu 6:4, Psa 89:18, Isa 1:4,24, 5:24, 10:20, 29:19, 30:15,29, 31:1, 41:14,16,20, 43:3,14-15, 45:11, 47:4, 48:17, 49:7,26, 54:5, 55:5, 60:9,14,16, Jer 20:11, 50:29, 51:5, Eze 39:7, Hab 1:12, Zec 14:9, Mark 12:29, 1 Cor 8:6

GIFTS FROM THE ASCENSION OF CHRIST

7But unto every one of us is given G1325 grace G5485 according to the measure G3358 of the gift G1431 of Christ. G5547 8Wherefore he saith, When he ascended G305 up G1519 on high, G5311 he led captivity G162 captive, G161 and gave G1325 gifts G1390 unto men. 9(Now that he ascended, G305 what is it but that he also descended G2597 first G4412 into the lower G2737 parts G3313 of the earth? G1093 10He that descended G2597 is the same also that ascended up G305 far above G5231 all heavens, G3772 that he might fill G4137 all things.) G3956 11And he gave G1325 some, apostles; G652 and some, prophets; G4396 and some, evangelists; G2099 and some, pastors G4166 and teachers; G1320

Ephesians 4:7-11 Verse 8 is a direct quote from Psalm 68:18 which I believe is a reference to Mt. Sinai at the giving of the commandments and the establishment of the Levitical priesthood. God gave gifts to the children of Israel in the form of vocations. Now that Christ has ascended to heaven and the Levitical priesthood is no longer intact, He gave new gifts to His church in the form of apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers. Please see my blogs on each of these vocations in the Main Studies to learn more about them.

REASON FOR THE GIFTS

12For the perfecting G2677 of the saints, G40 for the work G2041 of the ministry, G1248 for the edifying G3619 of the body G4983 of Christ: G5547 13Till we all come in the unity G1775 of the faith, G4102 and of the knowledge G1922 of the Son G5207 of God, G2316 unto a perfect G5046 man, unto the measure G3358 of the stature G2244 of the fulness G4138 of Christ: G5547 14That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, G2831 and carried about with every wind G417 of doctrine, G1319 by the sleight G2940 of men, and cunning craftiness, G1722 G3834 whereby they lie in wait G3180 to deceive; G4106 15But speaking the truth G226 in love, G26 may grow up G837 into him in all things, G3956 which is the head, G2776 even Christ: G5547 16From whom the whole body G4983 fitly joined together and compacted G4822 by that which every joint G860 supplieth, G2024 according to the effectual working G1753 in the measure G3358 of every part, G1520 G3313 maketh increase of the body G4983 unto the edifying G3619 of itself in love. G26

Ephesians 4:12-16 The reason Christ gives these five vocations is because He wants them to perfect the saints so that they too can work the ministry and edify the church body of Christ. They will keep performing this work until the whole church is in unity with the faith, knows that Jesus is the Son of God, becomes perfect, and till we can measure ourselves with Christ. When this happens, we’ll no longer be children who believe any doctrine that we hear. In fact, we will speak the truth in love which helps us to grow in Christ and promote unity. Christ is the head of the church body which must work together, edifying itself, so that it functions properly.

Compare “work of the ministry” to: Num 4:46-47, Acts 6:4, 1 Cor 16:15, 2 Cor 4:1, 5:18, 1 Tim 1:12

Compare “edifying of the body of Christ” to: Acts 9:31, Rom 14:19, 15:2, 1 Cor 8:1, 14:3-5,12,26, 2 Cor 10:8, 12:19, 13:10, Eph 4:29, 1 The 5:11, 1 Tim 1:4

Compare “speaking the truth in love” to: Psa 15:2, Pro 8:7, 12:17, Zec 8:16, Acts 26:25, Eph 4:25, 1 Tim 2:7

THE WRONG WAY TO WALK

17This I say therefore, and testify G3143 in the Lord, G2962 that ye henceforth walk G4043 not as other Gentiles G1484 walk, G4043 in the vanity G3153 of their mind, G3563 18Having the understanding G1271 darkened, G4654 being alienated G526 from the life G2222 of God G2316 through the ignorance G52 that is in them, because  of the blindness G4457 of their heart: G2588 19Who being past feeling G524 have given G3860 themselves over unto lasciviousness, G766 to work G2039 all uncleanness G167 with greediness. G4124

Ephesians 4:17-19 When we receive these gifts from God, we should not continue to walk like we used to walk, nor as the Gentiles walk. They walk in the vanity of their mind, having their understanding darkened, being alienated from God because of the blindness of their heart. They have no compassion because they have given themselves over to unrestrained lusts who work in uncleanness because they are greedy. This is a call to have a complete lifestyle change.

Compare “walk not as other Gentiles walk” to: Lev 18:3, 20:23, 26:21-28, Deu 8:19, 29:18-20, 1 Sam 8:3-5, 1 Kings 11:33, 2 Kings 21:21-22, Psa 1:1, 81:12, Pro 1:15-16, Ecc 2:14, Jer 7:9,24, 8:2, 9:14, 11:8, 13:10, 16:11-12, 18:12, 23:14, 32:23, Eze 11:12,21, 20:13-16,21, Micah 4:5, John 8:12, 12:35, Acts 14:16, Eph 2:2, 2 The 3:6,11, 1 Pet 4:3, 2 Pet 2:10, 3:3, 1 John 1:6, 2:11, Jude 1:15-18

HOW TO WALK

20But ye have not so learned G3129 Christ; G5547 21If so be that ye have heard G191 him, and have been taught G1321 by him, as the truth G225 is in Jesus: G2424 22That ye put off G659 concerning the former G4387 conversation G391 the old G3820 man, which is corrupt G5351 according to the deceitful G539 lusts; G1939 23And be renewed G365 in the spirit G4151 of your mind; G3563 24And that ye put on G1746 the new G2537 man, which after God G2316 is created G2936 in righteousness G1343 and true G225 holiness. G3742

Ephesians 4:20-24 If you are now in Christ, then you have heard Him and been taught by Him. Therefore we are not to conduct ourselves according to our old lifestyle which is corrupt, but rather, renew the spirit of our mind by putting on the new man which is created in righteousness and true holiness.

Compare “put off concerning the former conversation the old man” to: Rom 6:6, 13:12, 2 Cor 5:17, Col 2:11, 3:8-9, 1 Peter 1:14

Compare “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind” to: Psa 51:10, Rom 8:6, 12:2, 2 Cor 4:16, Col 3:10

Compare “And that ye put on the new man” to: Eze 11:19, 18:31, 36:36, Rom 6:4, 2 Cor 5:17, Gal 6:15, Col 3:10

COMMANDMENTS TO KEEP

25Wherefore putting away G659 lying, G5579 speak every man truth G225 with his neighbour: G4139 for we are members G3196 one of another. 26Be ye angry, G3710 and sin G264 not: let not the sun G2246 go down upon your wrath: G3950 27Neither give G1325 place G5117 to the devil. G1228 28Let him that stole G2813 steal G2813 no more: but rather let him labour, G2872 working G2038 with his hands G5495 the thing which is good, G18 that he may have to give G3330 to him that needeth. G5532 G2192 29Let no corrupt G4550 communication G3056 proceed G1607 out of your mouth, G4750 but that which is good G18 to the use of edifying, G3619 that it may minister G1325 grace G5485 unto the hearers. G191 30And grieve G3076 not the holy G40 Spirit G4151 of God, G2316 whereby ye are sealed G4972 unto the day of redemption. G629 31Let all bitterness, G4088 and wrath, G2372 and anger, G3709 and clamour, G2906 and evil speaking, G988 be put away G142 from you, with all malice: G2549 32And be ye kind G5543 one to another, tenderhearted, G2155 forgiving G5483 one another, even as God G2316 for Christ’s G5547 sake G1722 hath forgiven G5483 you.

Ephesians 4:25-32 How should we practically walk out our faith in righteousness and true holiness? We stop lying, speak the truth, be angry without sinning, delay wrath, don’t give the devil a place, stop stealing, work honesty so that we can give to the needy, stop cussing or using filthy language, speak with edification, don’t grieve the Holy Spirit, stop being bitter, stop being full of wrath, stop being full of anger, stop crying out, stop wanting to do evil to others, be kind to others, be tenderhearted, and forgive each other. Is that so hard to ask! 🙂 Paul quotes many of the commandments concerning our relationship with mankind found in the Old Testament. If we are the saints of God, we should be doing the things that Paul tells us to do at the end of this chapter.

Compare “putting away lying, speak every man truth to his neighbor” to: Exo 20:16, Deu 5:20, Psa 31:18, 52:3, 59:12, 119:29, 120:2, Pro 6:16-19, 8:7, 12:17,22, 13:5, 14:5, 19:5,9, 21:28, 26:28, Isa 59:4, Jer 9:5, Hos 4:1-2, Jon 2:8, Zec 8:16, Mat 15:19, 19:18, Mark 10:19, Luke 18:20, John 8:44, 16:13, Rom 13:9, Eph 4:15, 1 Tim 2:7, Rev 21:8,27, 22:15

Compare “be angry and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath” to: Exo 4:14, 32:19, Lev 10:16, Num 11:1,10, 12:9, 22:22, 25:3-4, 32:10-14, Deu 1:37, 4:21, 6:15, 9:8,20, 29:20-28, 31:17, Jos 7:1, 23:16, Jud 2:12-20, 3:8, 10:7, 2 Sam 6:7, 24:1, 1 Kings 11:9, 2 Kings 13:3, 17:18, 23:26, 1 Chr 13:10, 25:15, Neh 5:6, 9:17, Psa 7:11, 76:7, 103:8-9, 145:8, Pro 14:29, 15:18, 16:32, Isa 5:25, 12:1, Joel 2:13, Jon 4:2, Nah 1:3, Mat 5:21-22, Gal 5:19-21, Col 3:8, James 1:19

Compare “the devil” to: Gen 3:1-15, 1 Chr 21:1, 2 Chr 18:18-22, Job 1:6-12, 2:1-7, Psa 109:2-6, Isa 14:12-15, Eze 28:12-19, Zec 3:1-2, Mat 4:1-11, 12:24-28, 13:18-19,24-30,37-43, 16:23, 25:41, Mark 1:12-13, 3:22-26, 4:14-15, 8:33, Luke 4:1-13, 8:11-12, 10:18, 11:15-19, 13:16, 22:3,31, John 8:44, 12:31, 13:2,27, Acts 5:3, 10:38, 13:8-10, 26:18, Rom 16:20, 1 Cor 5:5, 7:5, 2 Cor 2:11, 4:4, 11:14-15, Eph 6:11-12, 1 The 2:18, 2 The 2:8-10, 1 Tim 1:18-20, 3:6-7, 5:15, 2 Tim 2:26, Heb 2:14, James 4:7, 1 Pet 5:8, 1 John 3:8-12, Jude 1:9, Rev 2:9-10,12-13,24, 3:9, 12:3-17, 20:1-3,7-10

Compare “let him who stole steal no more” to: Exo 20:15, 21:16, 22:1, Lev 19:11, Deu 5:19, 24:7, Jer 7:8-10, Hos 4:1-2, Zec 5:3, Mat 5:19, 19:18, Mark 10:19, Luke 18:20, John 10:1,10, Rom 2:21, 13:9, 1 Cor 6:10, 1 Pet 4:15

Compare “Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth” to: Psa 10:7, Rom 3:13-14, Col 3:8, James 1:26

Compare “that which is good to the use of edifying” to: Acts 9:31, Rom 14:19, 15:2, 1 Cor 8:1, 14:3-5,12,26, 2 Cor 10:8, 12:19, 13:10, Eph 4:29, 1 The 5:11, 1 Tim 1:4

Compare “whereby ye are sealed” to: Son 8:6, John 6:27, Rom 4:11, 2 Cor 1:22, Eph 1:13, 2 Tim 2:19, Rev 7:1-8, 9:4

Challenge Questions:

Why does the Bible talk about our experience after salvation as ‘our walk?’

Do you believe that the church today should operate with apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers?

This chapter says that we are to “not walk as the Gentiles walk.” How does that relate to your old lifestyle?

You can contact me directly using the following form or leave a comment below.

Ephesians 3

Ephesians 3 (KJV)

THE MYSTERY REVEALED

1For this cause G5484 I Paul, G3972 the prisoner G1198 of Jesus G2424 Christ G5547 for you Gentiles, G1484 2If ye have heard G191 of the dispensation G3622 of the grace G5485 of God G2316 which is given G1325 me to you-ward: 3How that by revelation G602 he made known G1107 unto me the mystery; G3466 (as I wrote afore in few words, G3641 4Whereby, when ye read, G314 ye may understand G3539 my knowledge G4907 in the mystery G3466 of Christ) G5547 5Which in other ages G1074 was not made known G1107 unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed G601 unto his holy G40 apostles G652 and prophets G4396 by the Spirit; G4151 6That the Gentiles G1484 should be fellowheirs, G4789 and of the same body, G4954 and partakers G4830 of his promise G1860 in Christ G5547 by the gospel: G2098 7Whereof I was made a minister, G1249 according to the gift G1431 of the grace G5485 of God G2316 given unto me by the effectual working G1753 of his power. G1411 8Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, G40 is this grace G5485 given, that I should preach G2097 among the Gentiles G1484 the unsearchable G421 riches G4149 of Christ; G5547 9And to make all men see G5461 what is the fellowship G2842 of the mystery, G3466 which from the beginning of the world G165 hath been hid G613 in God, G2316 who created G2936 all things by Jesus G2424 Christ: G5547 10To the intent that now unto the principalities G746 and powers G1849 in heavenly G2032 places might be known by the church G1577 the manifold G4182 wisdom G4678 of God, G2316 11According to the eternal G165 purpose G4286 which he purposed G4160 in Christ G5547 Jesus G2424 our Lord: G2962 12In whom we have boldness G3954 and access G4318 with confidence G4006 by the faith G4102 of him.

Ephesians 3:1-12 The dispensation of the grace of God was given to Paul to minister to us. It was through revelation that He understood the mystery of God. He wrote to the Ephesians in another letter about this mystery. The mystery is this: that Gentiles should be fellow heirs, of the same body, and partakers of God’s promise in Christ by the gospel. Paul considers himself a prisoner of Christ and less than the least of all the saints. Who is he to preach the gospel to the Gentiles and to reveal this mystery to all men? This new truth was purposed long ago and now we have the boldness and access to reveal it the church.

Compare “Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ” to: Acts 16:19-40, 28:17, Rom 16:7, Eph 4:1, 2 Tim 1:8, Phm 1:1,9

Compare “whereof I was made a minister (to the Gentiles)” and “that I should preach among the Gentiles” to: Acts 9:15, 13:47, 14:27, 18:6, 22:21, 26:20-23, 28:28, Rom 11:13, 15:16, Gal 1:11-16, 2:2, 1 Tim 2:7, 2 Tim 1:11

SOUL STRENGTH

13Wherefore I desire G154 that ye faint G1573 not at my tribulations G2347 for you, which is your glory. G1391 14For this cause G5484 I bow G2578 my knees G1119 unto the Father G3962 of our Lord G2962 Jesus G2424 Christ, G5547 15Of whom the whole G3956 family G3965 in heaven G3772 and earth G1909 G1093 is named, G3687 16That he would grant G1325 you, according to the riches G4149 of his glory, G1391 to be strengthened G2901 with might G1411 by his Spirit G4151 in the inner G2080 man;

Ephesians 3:13-16 Paul bows his knees to God because he has gone through tribulations for the Ephesians, but his desire is that they not worry about that. He considers it his honor. Therefore he prays that they become strengthened in their soul by the Holy Spirit. All saints have been named after Christ.

Compare “my tribulations” to: Acts 9:20-25,28-30, 13:48-52, 14:5-6,19-22, 16:19-40, 17:5-10,13-14, 20:3, 21:27, 24:1, 2 Cor 7:4, 11:24-28, 1 The 3:4

Compare “I bow my knees unto the Father” to: Isa 45:23, Mat 27:29, Mark 15:19, Rom 14:11, Phi 2:10

FULLNESS OF GOD

17That Christ G5547 may dwell G2730 in your hearts G2588 by faith; G4102 that ye, being rooted G4492 and grounded G2311 in love, G26 18May be able to comprehend G2638 with all saints G40 what is the breadth, G4114 and length, G3372 and depth, G899 and height; G5311 19And to know G1097 the love G26 of Christ, G5547 which passeth G5235 knowledge, G1108 that ye might be filled G4137 with all the fulness G4138 of God. G2316

Ephesians 3:17-19 When we become rooted and grounded in the love of Christ by Him dwelling by faith in our hearts, Paul prays that we should somehow try to comprehend the love of Christ and be filled with the fullness of God.

Compare “love of Christ” to: 2 Cor 5:14-15, Eph 5:2,25

GLORY TO GOD

20Now unto him that is able G1410 to do exceeding G5228 abundantly G1537 G4053 above G5228 all that we ask G154 or think, G3539 according to the power G1411 that worketh G1754 in us, 21Unto him be glory G1391 in the church G1577 by Christ G5547 Jesus G2424 throughout all ages, G1074 world G165 without end. G165 Amen. G281

Ephesians 3:20-21 Christ deserves all the glory in the church throughout all the ages. He is the one who can do anything according to the power that works inside of us.

Challenge Questions:

Where is the other letter that Paul wrote to the Ephesians?

What does Paul mean by verse 15?

Ephesians 2

Ephesians 2 (KJV)

OUR PRIOR SINFUL STATE

1And you hath he quickened, who were dead G3498 in trespasses G3900 and sins; G266 2Wherein in time past G4218 ye walked G4043 according to the course G165 of this world, G2889 according to the prince G758 of the power G1849 of the air, G109 the spirit G4151 that now worketh G1754 in the children G5207 of disobedience:G543 3Among whom also we all had our conversation G390 in times past G4218 in the lusts G1939 of our flesh, G4561 fulfilling G4160 the desires G2307 of the flesh G4561 and of the mind; G1271and were by nature G5449 the children G5043 of wrath, G3709 even as others. 4But God, G2316 who is rich G4145 in mercy,G1656 for his great G4183 love G26 wherewith he loved G25 us, 5Even when we were dead G3498 in sins, G3900 hath quickened us together with G4806 Christ,G5547 (by grace G5485 ye are saved;) G4982

Ephesians 2:1-5 Paul reminds us of what it was like before Christ. We were dead in trespasses and sins, walking after the prince of the power of the air according to the course of this world, and our conduct was after the lusts of our flesh and mind. We were children of disobedience and children of wrath like everyone else. But Christ, by the mercy and love of God, has taken us from our dead state and made us alive in Him by His grace.

Compare “hath he quickened” and “hath quickened us” to: Psa 71:20, 119:50,93, John 5:21,24 6:63, Rom 4:17, 1 Cor 15:45, Col 2:13, 1 Pet 3:18

Compare “prince of the power of the air” to John 12:31, Acts 26:18

Compare “children of disobedience” and “children of wrath” to: Deu 9:7-8,22, Eph 5:6, Col 3:6

Compare “by grace ye are saved” to: Acts 15:11, Eph 2:8, 2 Tim 1:9

OUR NEW STATE

6And hath raised us up together, G4891 and made us sit together G4776 in heavenly G2032 places in Christ G5547 Jesus: G2424 7That in the ages G165 to come he might shew G1731 the exceeding G5235 riches G4149 of his grace G5485 in his kindness G5544 toward G1909 us through Christ G5547 Jesus. G2424

Ephesians 2:6-7 Christ has not only spiritually resurrected us, but has raised us up to sit in heavenly places in the future. By doing this, He will be able to show the exceeding riches of His grace because we will see everyone Christ has redeemed.

Compare “in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace” to: Isa 64:4, Mark 10:30, Luke 18:30, 1 Cor 2:9 

HOW HE SAVES US

8For by grace G5485 are ye saved G4982 through G1223 faith; G4102 and that not of yourselves: it is the gift G1435 of God: G2316 9Not of works, G2041 lest any man should boast. G2744

Ephesians 2:8-9 We have faith in God and He saves us by the gift of His grace. Nothing within ourselves, like our works, can save us because otherwise we would boast about it.

Compare “through faith” to: Deu 32:30, Hab 2:4, Mark 11:22, Luke 7:50, 18:42, Acts 20:21, Rom 1:17, 3:27-28,31, 4:5,14-16, 5:1-2, Gal 3:24, Heb 6:12, 10:38, 11:6, 1 John 5:4 

Compare “not of works” to: Gal 2:16,20, 3:11-12

Compare “gift of God” to: John 4:10, Acts 8:20, Rom 6:23

WHY HE SAVES US

10For we are his workmanship, G4161 created G2936 in Christ G5547 Jesus G2424 unto good G18 works, G2041 which God G2316 hath before ordained G4282 that we should walk G4043 in them. G846

Ephesians 2:10 Christ saves us because we are His workmanship and were originally created to do good works. Therefore, now that we are saved, we are to do good works.

Compare “we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus” to: Eze 11:19, 18:31, 36:26, 2 Cor 5:17, Gal 6:15, Col 3:10

Compare “unto good works” to: Mat 5:16, John 10:32, Acts 9:36, 2 Cor 9:8, Col 1:10, 1 Tim 2:9-10, 3:1, 5:9-10,25, 6:18, 2 Tim 2:21, 3:17, Titus 2:7,14, 3:1,8,14, Heb 10:24, 13:21, James 2:17-26

Compare “that we should walk in them” to: Gen 5:24, 6:9, 17:1, 48:15, Exo 16:4, 18:20, Lev 18:4, 26:3-4, Deu 5:33, 8:6, 10:12, 11:22, 13:4, 19:9, 28:9, 30:16, Jos 22:5, 1 Kings 2:3-4, 3:14, 6:12, 8:58,61, 9:4, 11:38, 2 Kings 20:3, 23:3, 2 Chr 6:14, 17:14, 34:31, Psa 15:2, 84:11, 119:1-2, 128:1, Pro 14:2, 28:18, Isa 33:15-16, 38:3, Jer 7:23, Eze 11:19-20, 20:19-20, Hos 14:9, Luke 1:5-6, Acts 9:31, 21:24, Rom 6:4, 8:1,4, Gal 5:16,25, Eph 5:2,8, Col 2:6, 1 John 1:7, 2:6, 2 John 1:4,6, 3 John 1:3-4

RECALL OUR OLD LIFE

11Wherefore remember, G3421 that ye being in time past G4218 Gentiles G1484 in the flesh, G4561 who are called Uncircumcision G203 by that which is called the Circumcision G4061 in the flesh G4561 made by hands; G5499 12That at that time G2540 ye were without Christ, G5547 being aliens G526 from the commonwealth G4174 of Israel, G2474 and strangers G3581 from the covenants G1242 of promise, G1860 having no hope, G1680 and without God G112 in the world: G2889

Ephesians 2:11-12 As saints, we are still to remember that we used to be Gentiles in the flesh, having no hope, without God, uncircumcised of the heart, aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise. This is also a good reminder as we witness to others knowing that they are also in this state.

Compare “Gentiles in the flesh” to: Gen 10:5, Mat 6:31-32, Acts 14:27, 15:3,14,17, 26:20,23, 28:28, Rom 2:14, 9:30, 1 Cor 10:20, 12:2, Eph 4:17, 1 The 2:16, 4:5, 1 Pet 4:3

Compare “covenants of promise” to: Gen 9:9-17, 15:18-21, 17:7-14, Exo 19:3-8, 24:7-8, 31:12-17, 34:27-28, Isa 59:21, Jer 31:31-33, Mat 26:26-28, Mark 14:22-24, Luke 1:67-79, 22:13-20, Acts 3:25-26, Rom 9:3-4, Gal 3:13-18, Heb 8, 10:15-17

RESULT OF OUR SALVATION

13But now in Christ G5547 Jesus G2424 ye who sometimes were far off G3112 are made nigh G1451 by the blood G129 of Christ. G5547 14For he is our peace, G1515 who hath made both one, G1520 and hath broken down G3089 the middle wall G3320 of partition G5418 between us; 15Having abolished G2673 in his flesh G4561 the enmity, G2189 even the law G3551 of commandments G1785 contained in ordinances; G1378 for to make G2936 in himself of twain G1417 one G1519 G1520 new G2537 man, so making peace; G1515 16And that he might reconcile G604 both unto God G2316 in one G1520 body G4983 by the cross, G4716 having slain G615 the enmity G2189 thereby:

Ephesians 2:13-16 When we were in our sinful state, we were far from God. Christ, who is our peace, makes peace by bringing us near to God by His blood on the cross making us one instead of two. A similar thing happens in marriage. Christ has broken down the separation, or enmity, which is the law of commandments contained in ordinances. What are these laws of commandments contained in ordinances?

Compare “made nigh by the blood of Christ” to: Mat 26:28, Mark 14:24, Luke 22:20, Heb 9:14, 1 Pet 1:2, 1 John 1:7, Rev 1:5

Compare “the enmity” to: Rom 8:7, James 4:4

OUR RELATION TO GOD

17And came G2064 and preached G2097 peace G1515 to you which were afar off, G3112 and to them that were nigh. G1451 18For through G1223 him we both have access G4318 by one G1520 Spirit G4151 unto the Father. G3962 19Now therefore ye are no more strangers G3581 and foreigners, G3941 but fellowcitizens G4847 with the saints, G40 and of the household G3609 of God; G2316

Ephesians 2:17-19 Christ came and preached peace to the Jews and to the Gentiles. It’s because of Christ that we have access to God the Father through the Holy Spirit. God now declares that we are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with all those who are called saints in the household of God.

THE BUILDING OF GOD

20And are built G2026 upon the foundation G2310 of the apostles G652 and prophets, G4396 Jesus G2424Christ G5547 himself being the chief corner G204stone; 21In whom all the building G3619 fitly framed together G4883 groweth G837 unto an holy G40 temple G3485 in the Lord: G2962 22In whom ye also are builded together G4925 for an habitation G2732 of God G2316 through the Spirit. G4151

Ephesians 2:20-22 Jesus Christ is our chief cornerstone, the apostles and prophets are the foundation, and the building is the saints which form a holy temple which becomes the habitation of God through the Holy Spirit. This is a great comparison to the city of God that we read in Revelation 21.

Compare “Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone” to: Psa 118:22, Isa 28:16, Mat 21:42, Mark 12:10, Luke 20:17, Acts 4:10-12, 1 Pet 2:6-7

Challenge Questions:

Are we sitting in heavenly places now or does it take place in the future?

If we once were ‘strangers of the covenants of promise,’ then what does that make us now?

What is the ‘middle way of partition,’ ‘the enmity,’ and ‘the law of commandments contained in ordinances?’

If we are built upon the foundation of the apostles and the prophets, does that mean they we don’t have apostles and prophets today?